A land full of deserts and forts, Rajasthan is known for its traditional and cultural heritage. It is definitely a place of visit to know more about the ancient Mughal Raj. With this article, we will tell you more about the state, about its people groups, in Rajasthan culture. Rajasthan is said to have been a region where human settlement dated back to the early historical period.
Did you know “Jaipur (Capital of Rajasthan State) is also known as the Pink City on account of the pink color that was used to coat the buildings of the walled city, as a mark of respect for the visit of the Prince of Wales in 1876.”
Facts and Figures
Rajasthan was established on 1 November 1956 having a total area of 342,239 km2. Out of all the states, Rajasthan is the biggest state in India in total area. As per the latest Census, Rajasthan has nearly 680 million population which is 8th highest in India. It has an literacy rate of 68% and the state’s official language is Hindi.
Culture – language, religion and people groups
In Rajasthan culture, we see many folk dances which are played with folk and sufi music. It has been active state for showcasing its traditional music talent across the world. Some of the dance include Ghoomar dance from Udaipur and Kalbeliya dance of Jaisalmer. The instruments used include sitar, dholak and sarangi. Rajasthan is known for its artistic and cultural traditions which make us remind about the ancient age traditions of India. Even today, we see majority of people living in Rajasthan wearing traditional dresses like lehenga, chaniya choli.
Watch this video to find out more about Rajasthani Folk Music:
People of all religious groups are seen in Rajasthan with a majority of Hindu and Muslim. Jain community which is considered as minority in India have also seen in large numbers here. There are nearly 13 different “People Groups Profiles” seen in Rajasthan which includes Bari, Bharbhunja, Bhat, Gaddi, Kachchi, Khatik, Lodha, Lohar, Meo, Mughal, Nat, Saini, Tamboli. Other communities such as Gurjar community as well Rajput community are also seen in Rajasthan. All these groups have helped to retain the culture and tradition of Rajasthan. This is the place where majority of tribal community live in India.
One should try typical Rajasthani food which consist of dal, bati, churma, basmati rice and much more. The taste of Rajasthani food is totally different from what you see in different parts of India.
Things to do and see
Rajasthan is definitely one of the best places to visit in India. Places like Jaisalmer, Jodhpur, Udaipur, Bikaner are visited by tourists across the world. We see abundant amount of desert in various part of Rajasthan. Besides for adventure, places like Ranthambore National Park is known for its tigers. People also visit various temples of Hindus and Jains which were built years ago.
Real life experiences
Communities like those of the Bishnois provide protection to all wild animals in their villages because of their religious faith and belief. The blackbuck and abinkara are considered sacred and aggressively protected. Large herds of these graceful antelopes roam freely in the Bishnoi fields in the desert districts of the state.
The Bhil Meena (also spelled Bhil Mina) are a tribal group found in the state of Rajasthan, India. In ancient times, Rajasthan was ruled by a dynasty of Meenas which had the emblem of a fish like the Pandyan kingdom (Paravar, Karava, Karaiyar) of the south. The name Mina is derived from Meen and the Minas claim descent from the Matsya avatar of God. The Matsya avatar takes place to save the pious and the first man, Manu.
The more interesting part of Rajasthan is following the ancient traditions and beliefs even today which is rarely seen these days. One should really appreciate the efforts the local community has put up so that all people live in peace and harmony. I would like you all to encourage us by telling us more about Rajasthan in the comments section. Do give us a feedback about this article.