Meo

Who are they?

The Meo are a community of livestock farmers. There are more than 300,000 people scattered through approximately 1,200 villages across the Mewat region of Uttar Pradesh, Rajasthan and Haryana. They form a quarter of the population of the Mewat region which, in Uttar Pradesh includes the districts of Mathura, Bulandshahr, Aligarh and Saharanpur.

Origin

The Meo are both a Rajput caste and a Muslim community and represent a blending of Hinduism and Islam. The Meo profess the beliefs of Islam, but the roots of their ethnic structure are in Hindu caste society. No historical records are available to explain exactly when their conversion happened or why, but it is generally believed that they embraced Islam in the seventeenth century during the reign of Mogul emperor Aurangzeb. The Tablighi Movement (an Islamic reform movement) ensured a rapid conversion to Islam among the Meo from around the beginning of the twentieth century. In spite of an apparent contradiction between Islam’s ideology and the hierarchical Hindu caste system, the Meo caste and Islam are compatible with each other.

What Are Their Lives Like?

For generations, the Meo people have been livestock farmers and breed cattle are famous all over the country. Some Meo own trucking businesses. They are also in government service, including the military and police. Others work as skilled and unskilled daily wage labourers. A small number are plumbers and electricians.

The Meo of Haryana are good at basketry. The Meo in cities have set up businesses that are a threat to the Bania (traders) as their Muslim clients prefer to deal with the Meo traders. Some Meo are money lenders.

They have begun to see the value of formal education though previously they sent their children to madrasas. (Islamic religious school) Girls complete primary school only and are taught at the madrasas while boys go on to at least grade 10.

The Meo utilise the services of both medical doctors as well as traditional doctors called hakims. They are gradually accepting of family planning measures.

The Meo food comprises wheat, rice, maize, jowar, vegetables and fruits. Potatoes, milk and milk products are very popular with them. They are highly sensitive to food considered pure or impure (contaminated by untouchables) and accept cooked food from only high castes or those assimilated to high castes, like the barbers. On ceremonial occasions, they use disposable clay pots as vessels for their guests. Only the Bhangi (sweeper) can dispose of the pots away but he, like the Dhobi (washer man), cannot enter Meo houses because of their ‘impurity’.

Customs

The extended family is common. They are patriarchal and the eldest male member of the family rules the household. Women avoid father-in-law, elder brother-in-law and other males in the family. Mothers-in-law also observe purdah (veil) from their sons-in-law. Property is inherited by sons only which is shared equally among them and the eldest son becomes the head of the household after the death of his father. Daughters have no right to parental property.

The Meo are an endogamous caste, i.e. they do not marry outside their own community, neither accepting nor giving women from or to other Rajput groups or even any other Muslim communities.

They are divided into a number of patrilineal clans. The clan system is based on the Brahmin belief that the founding ancestor of each clan is the descendant of a mythical Hindu divinity or hero. Usually, only a Brahmin genealogist knows the names or history of their ancestors and they are content with that. This is a unique characteristic of Meo ancestry and genealogy.

Thirteen of these clans are attached and give their names to territorial sections of Mewat which are called pal. Each clan is divided into sub-clans, which are also sub-territorial units called thamba. Generally, these units are the original village established by the common ancestor.

The Meo have a marriage system which is more like North Indian Hindus rather than Muslim communities. Marriage prohibitions are very extensive: there is strict exogamy at the clan and village levels. They are prohibited from marrying parallel cousins, patrilateral or matrilateral cousins (though these are acceptable and popular among Muslim communities.) The Meo are not permitted to take a bride from the mother’s village. However, marriage with the elder brother’s widow or with a deceased wife’s younger sister is permitted.

The Meo are mainly monogamous, but polygamy is practised under circumstances like maladjustment, barrenness, or not having a male heir. Dowry is paid in the form of a gift and the increasing size of the dowry has replaced the extravagant feasting during the marriage celebrations. Marriages are arranged by parents and the engagement takes place at an early age. The marriage is solemnised at the bride’s home by a Muslim priest. Divorce is permitted and both male and female divorcees can remarry.

The Meo have traditional clan assemblies or panchayats who settle disputes and enforce decisions in the community. Punishment is administered for violations such as elopement or insults in the form of fines or excommunication.

What Are Their Beliefs?

Muslims by faith, the Meo follow the traditional Islamic practices and customs. They go on pilgrimage to several Muslim shrines and observe the various Muslim festivals like Id-ul-Fitr and Muharram. A major part of the Muslim festive year is Urs. This is a time when they visit and pay homage to the tomb-shrines of dead saints. They pray for their wishes to be granted by the saints’ intercession. The Urs or death anniversary of these saints is meticulously observed and is celebrated by Muslims. The Meo also worship local deities and believe in demons.

However, under the leadership of the Tablighi Movement, whose aim is to make the Meo “better Muslims”, they have abandoned their annual pilgrimages to the mausoleums which are located in the Mewat region and participating in Hindu festivals. As a result of these restrictions, the Meo are become increasingly devout Muslims, who pray and fast diligently. The movement has caused the Meo to become strengthened in their Islamic identity.

Circumcision is performed as a lavish ceremony. The Meo bury their dead in their own cemeteries which they share only with the Sayyids. .

Following India’s independence in 1947, the Jat of Bharatpur and Rajput of Alwar, under the influence of two militant Hindu movements, the Arya Samaj and the Rashtriya Swayamsewak Sangh (National volunteer Union) or the RSS, had made an attempt to reconvert the Meo to Hinduism. Their refusal led to a massacre. Many of the Meo fled to Pakistan but some of them returned and resettled without any renewed major conflict.

 

66 Comments

  1. i am a meo and police inspector in rajasthan police. i read meo history. mostely meo converted from meena,gurjar,rajput because many gotres similerti in above casts.following meo officer in rajasthan. 1 mr shamsuddin ras 2 mr hakam khan ras 3 mr shahabuddin rjs 4 mr shoukat khan ras 5 mr mustaq khan ies 6 mr samayddin police inspector 7 mr sapatkhan police inspector

    Reply
    • Dear Mr. Aasmohd.
      Myself Arshad Khan and I am also from Meo Community.
      I am doing job in a Japanese MNC on a higher post. I am very happy to hear about the Muslim Govt. Servents on good post.
      Very Nice Keep it up !!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!

      Wassalam

      Reply
      • Assalam-alaikum, CH RAFI MOHD DENHGAL MEO is correct informing that Meos are not converted By Badshah Aurangzeb. Meos are amongst the first converted their faith to Islam in Indigenous Indians. When hazrat Muhammad bin Qasim visited India in connection with some dialogue with Indian King ‘Raja Dahir’ who had his biggest territorial rule over north India which included Province of Sindh now in Pakistan and had to indulged ultimately with armed struggle with. The King Dahir was defeated and Hazrat Muhammad bin Qasim established a rule of law as per Islamic ways, whole of the Meo community at that particular place/time accepted the teachings and way of life as per Islam. Some of Meos accepted Islam over the period but the majority accepted it at the time of Hazrat Muhammad Bin Qasim. It is misconception derived by present day politics and by some so called Cultural/social organization that Meos converted from Hindus by force during the reign of Badshah Aurangzeb. It can well be evidenced that Hassan Khan Mewati fought with whom and against whom and many more.
        I am working with Central Government of India, at Faridabad and belong to Distt. Nuh(Mewat) in Haryana state of India.

        Reply
    • Hi, Assalm……………… Sir AASMOD

      i m Irfan really impressed with your views in above context & dignities from Mewat, which r inspiration to younger generation .thanks writting this .
      I have written one coloumn about me and Mewat
      thanks

      Reply
    • MEENA AND GUJJAR ARE THE SEWADAR OF MEO YOU HAVE NO KNOWLEDGE I HAVE SEEN IN MY AGE OF 6-7 MY GRAND FATHER KEPT NO. OF MEENA AND GUJJAR FOR ROBBERY AND THEFT BUT THAT TIME I AM UNAWARE GUJJAR COME IN TO PICTURE AFTER RAJA ANANGPAL OF DELHI MEENA IS A PADAISI CHORE MEO IS MEWA SATVADNI THE DAUGHTER OF BADA RAO MEENA MARRIED FORCIBLLY BY MEO DARYA KHAN OF MEWAT AND DEFITED BADA RAO MEENA,S 210 VILLS.AT A TIME IN 15TH CENTURY THE SIZE OF BARAT THE FRIST MEN WAS IN ALWAR AND LAST AT SOHNA FULL 12 PAL AND 52 GOTES ATTACKED OVER 210 VILLAGES OF MEENAS BADA RAO MEENA WAS THE CHAUDHARY OF 210 VILLS THAT TIME PLEASE FINDOUT EVERY THING BEFORE ISSUING COMMENTS

      Reply
  2. Meo is a global community.Meos originated in the present day Eukaraine. Some migrated to India and some towards Scandinavian countries.More than 40% population of Eastern Germany Republic Zchec population consists of this group(American Institute of Genaelogy). Meos belongs to human haplogroup R1a1 which is common to Brahmans, Rajputs and Jats.R1a1 group makes more than 40% population of Eastern Europe, Central Asian States Baluchistan and Siestan province of Iran.In the province of Sindh Pakistan this group is about 49%.In northern India population of this group is more than 45%.Meo is ancient group in the world and finds its mention in all old scriptures i.e. Old Testament ( Meonine) ,Quran (AS Moeen) etc.No other community is a global community.It is believed that all other community of India like Meena , Kashtyas, Rajputs, Brahmans and some Jats are the descendents of Meos.

    Reply
  3. Hi, Dear …. Myself Irfan Khan doing ABM(Agri Business Management) from National Institute of Agricultural
    Extension Management (MANAGE) Hyderabad, from Alwar rajasthan. my no 9640300352
    hi everyone i think mewat is an mirror to the humanity which reflect that Meo accept the truth (ISLAM) its not that they converted to Islam , just they embarrassed it with love . thanks to whom who has written & giving light to the history of mewat
    thanks
    Assalam……………………..to everyone

    Reply
    • Dear Brother,

      You know Palan khera village, near Govindgarh, Alwar. My father migrated from this village. I am working as Sr.Electrical Engineer in saudi arabia.

      Reply
      • I am working for NGOs in Rajasthan, Alwar for the upliftment of the Meos. It is good to hear that people like u belonging to a backward community has succedded and established in life. We r looking for people like u who can support the girl child education in the Meo villages of Tijara, Alwar.

        Reply
  4. Hi. I hope somone can help me answare some questions conserning Meo and other muslim cast in the Mewat region in Rajasthan. I am a student from Norway, and lived some month in a Meo village. As I have understud it is several muslim cast like groop who lives in the meo community. Such as the mirasi, and sakka who has been service casts for meo. But when I read the translations from my intervieves I saw some said their cast was deevan (or diwan?). I have been told that deevan are rich land owners. I have search on the internet but has not been able to find anything writen about deevan. Is this a separat cast like groop within muslim?, and does it belong to meo community?, or is it a title that has been given to some rich meos? I would be very gratefull if somone could explain this for me.

    Reply
    • dear bro sinni

      dewaan sakka are the service casts for the meos..dewaan mean who can speek meowati language and they was singing in meo’s weddings events..me from pakistan rawalpinid taxila..

      Reply
  5. the meo community particularli denhgal pal belongs to raja ramchander, s son kush and it can be varified fm the history having with jaggas from the begining of first human it is awritten record no any meo
    converted in to islam by orengzeb meo as muslim were present before the birth of orengzeb

    Reply
  6. Hi all,nice to c all of u discussing for a cause.People fm my community r roaring all around the world nd moving forward to adopt the technology nd education.As per my family experience and my personal experience i found dat we guyz have reached at the respectable figure in professional courses like Mba,engineering,law.We also doin gud in crackin exams lyk ias,bank po,judiciary nd medical etc-2.We have sum whr around 7 judges in haryana,more dn 2000 law professionals,800 working engineers and 40 mbbs doctors,3 dsp nd many more at respectable govt post in haryana are frm mewat.

    Reply
    • a.oa dear in pakistan now our community is fastly joining govt posts in ever sectors civil servise army judicAL SECTOR v should contect with each other

      Reply
  7. Dear Meo brother.

    I belong to meo community. It is nice to hear meos are doing well in haryan if above information is correct. My father migrated from a village Palan Khera or say plan khera, near Govindgarh Alwar, Rajhistan, Goth: Doulot, Can i have some information about my father village. I am working as Senior Electrical Engineer in saudi Arabia since 12 years and belong to a Highly educated meo family. If any meo of my father area read this post can contact me at jamil1103 at hotmail com. I can help if any meo Electrical Engineer have min. five year experiance in Power Generation field.

    Reply
    • assalawaleikum DOULOAT IS ONE OF THE GREAT PAL OF MEO COMMUNITY MUST INFORM YOUR FATHER,S NAME FOREFATHER NAME THERE IS NO PROBLEM TO TRACE

      Reply
      • Dear CH. Rafi,

        It is nice to hear good news from you. My father name MOTI KHAM and his two brother HASSAN KHAN & KALO KHAN migrated in 1947. My grand father name is KHUSHI KHAN (he died in 1930 as father told me, when my father was only 6 year old). My father`s whole family migrated but my father cousin left in plan khera. My father visited plan khera in 1958. My father was very keen to visit plan khera in his last days(he died in 1999) but no one availble who escort him.
        I will be deeply obliged if you help me. My cell 00966-508786231.

        My maternal aunty (khala) , Rasoli & his husbandJ Guma khan (Doulot meo) too live in plan khera. I know my khala died long before but dont about her family members.

        Reply
  8. it is only to correct my name.

    Reply
  9. main bhi meo hun.we are very brave and honest people.

    Reply
  10. hi,iam mewati from bahria town (chunian) mewati is graaaaaaat peopl realy

    Reply
  11. THE REFRENCES ARE GIVEN REGARDING CONVERTION OF MEO IN TO ISLAM IS NOT CORRECT MEO CONVERTED IN TO ISLAM IN 10TH–14TH CENTURY BY SOME AULIAS CAME FROM ARABIAN COUNTARY BUT THE HINDUES TAUGHT THEIR GENERATION THAT MEO CONVERTED BY ORANGZEB IN INDIA NO DOUBT SOME ACTIVITIES OF CONVERSION TAKE PLACE IN THE KINGDOM TIME OF ORANGZEB BUT THEY CONVERTED ONLY HINDUES IN TO MUSLIM THERE IS NO MEO IN THE SOUTH PART OF INDIA THEN HOW CAN YOU PROVE THAT MEO CONVERTED IN ISLAM IN 17TH CENTURIES HASAN KHAN MEWATI FOUGHT WITH RANA PARTAP AGAINST AKBAR AND KILLED IN THE BATTLE OF KANWAH EVERY HINDU TAUGHT WRONG HISTORY TO THEIR CHILDREN IN CHILDHOOD THE MAXIMUM LIFE OF ORANGZEB SPENT IN SOUTH TO CONTROL MARATHAS AND CONVERT IN TO MUSLIM THERE IS NO WORRIOR IN THE INTIRE WORLD WHO EVER CONTROL OVER MEO MAXIMUM MEO ARE PURE RAJPUT AND SURYAVANSH MY GRAND FATHER ARE RAM CHANDER AND MOTHER SITA SO CHANGE YOUR COMMENTS

    Reply
    • Dear All,

      This very good to know about the Meo community. I am also meo and working with Govt. of Uttrakhand as project manager in rural development sector. I also worked in Mewat (Punhana,Firozpur Jhirka) with Dr Abdul Aziz. Dr Aziz is also meo. I also tried a lot to know about the meo community. But the evidence of the conversion to Islam, and belonging to the rajputs is not clearly written. These are stories which we are listening from each other and our ancesters. I often see to Meo to link theirself with Rajputs and Jat. But what is the reality is still hidden. This is not a matter to underestimate or overestimate to us. This is matter to ourselves and our history. Now we have jumped to educated world and this is correct time to know ourselves and prove it. My ancesters settled to satrapur which is near to Aligarh in U.P. Actually I dont know my Gotra and Pal. But this is listen by me from our forefathers that we are Dhauzia linked with Dhauz village near to sona. I also want to study of meo community and from where we are linked. If any body has some reference books pls tell the name and the availabilities of these books. At presently we are living in Bareilly District (Near to Rampur) in U.P. There are several villages of Meos. In this region this place is known as “Bhoor”(The place of sand) and meo Community called as “Mewati”

      Reply
      • hi rais,
        i got to knw thru sum research work nd wid the help of nearby villagers abt dhauj that u all guyz from dhauz were gurjars nd accepted Islam,still if u pick sum1 from Dhauj village they carry their surname tanwar and all dahujis hv a relationship in near by villagers.apart from it wen gurjars count their villages they also count Dhaujis as their goti bhai and goti village.this is an authentic and genuine serve.Hope you liked the ans

        Reply
  12. saara praha likkha meo qoum ki tarakki k wastey koshish karo

    Reply
    • hambe

      Reply
  13. i am also mayo…. i m from lahore pakistan…. i m at high post in Govt sector…. really feel happy to read this article…….

    Reply
  14. hi iam rajput meo from pakistan living in germaney i like nur hindustani meo not pakistani

    Reply
    • Because the real mewat is in india mewat haryana thats why

      Reply
  15. A.A i m Meo and Sub Engineer in Pakistan Railways….live in kot radha kishen,Kasur

    Reply
    • I’m a Hindu and lives nearby Mewat. Many of our Meo friends becoming highly educated serviceman and successful businessman, great to see this.
      It is true, everyone on this earth has curiosity about their dynasty and history, so keep it up to find out truth. Beside above mention comments, I’ve studied some major contribution of Meo’s for the freedom of India against English rule.
      Recently I’ve a Meo tenant. I’m so glad to see his culture and the way they are maintaining cleanness.

      I think who already successful in file should think about education (specially girl child), who are poor and can’t provide education for their children. It is only education, that can help to grow very fast for any community.

      Reply
      • My cousion esiding in Alwar Kota Nangli name Suleman have Aara machine at railway road Alwar. Please contact him and his phone No;ay be informed. Thanks

        Reply
  16. Hi all of brothers and sister Meo in India
    I was confusing weather or not we are same group of Meo or Hmong who immigrated from China and Mongolia. The problem were that your last names and first names were different from the Meo or Hmong in China, Laos, Vietnam and USA..
    Some of Meo or Hmong USA may changed the their firs names but not the last names.

    Thanks

    From Charlie Xiong

    Reply
    • Assalam o alaikum to all meo’s of the world
      i am living in Pakistan. i proud ” i am meo” and like to serve for meo’s. I read all coments but i like Mr Ravi and Mr Chalie Xiong. weldone and i want both id and contact number.
      God may you live long!. Allah Hafiz Good Bye

      junaid raza

      Reply
    • dear sir meo community belong to India Only

      Reply
  17. Hi, brothers and sisters Meo or Hmong in the mewat in india. I read a lots about some of your histories and clans system in India and Pakistan. Your traditional marriage practice are simular to our Meo or Hmong in China, Vietnam, Laos, Thailand and USA. If possible, show some of your Meo or Hmong cloth to us so we know who you are.

    Reply
  18. Asalam alekum dear meo brother n sister. im ur sister frm pakistan karachi. my father is belong gorgaon india. it is pleasant to read history of meo. in my village kasur pakistan same tradition is still in practice.

    Reply
  19. nice to see this page. i m working as an advocate at lahore high court

    Reply
  20. Hi,Junald Raza Mayo
    Thank you for your support for what I am saying. By the way, are you and all of the Meo people in India speak your language (Meo). The Meo or Hmong in China,Vietnam,Laos, Thailand , USA and others all speak Hmong language. We are no longer call us Meo, only Hmong.

    Please respond me in Hmong (Meo), not English.

    Thanks.

    Sincerely,

    Charlie Xiong

    Reply
  21. Hi All Dears:
    Let me know that either Meo’s are Rajpoot or not with solid references plz ?

    Thanx

    Sincerily

    Farooq Ahmad Meo
    Pakistan
    + 92 300 6502223

    Reply
  22. Hello everyone i am also mayo pahat from kasur pakistan and i am very happy to see that mewati people growing in society in every field. I also a senior journalist in news paper.

    Reply
  23. Hello everyone i am also mayo pahat from kasur pakistan and i am very happy to see that mewati people growing in society in every field. I am also a senior journalist in news paper.

    Reply
    • I want to know that your sir name is ghazi and ghazi is other community . so I did not understand how many gotta we have

      Reply
    • My one friend is also pahat….
      Bt i am gomal

      Reply
  24. Dear Xiong,
    Meo is a world wide community and includes in the primary tribes of Aryan peoples.It is thought that Meo was the name God. It is also believed that Aryans were originated in present day Ukarine about 10000 to 15000 years ago.The Aryans used to live on mountain popularly known as Meeru Parbut (Meeru Mountain).This mountain was situated near the northern lap of world, where days and nights were equal(Arctic Home by Tilk).The word i.e. Meo,mir meer meeru mehar,miao miniemeds,medai are derived from meeru meaning thereby hill.All meos belong to human haplogroup R1a1a1 which is pure Aryan group.however for more details see the American website of DNA and genealogy.According to Imrat Khan, 2000( His book entitled Meos and nations of world) stated that the Hmong Meos migrated from Russia near the lapland. This theory suggests that Hmong meo and indian Meos belong to same stock. However I can also provide to you further informations in this regard.It is also pertinent to mention here that Meos and Hmong Meos donot marry within same clan.The clan of groom and bride always different.

    Reply
  25. Dear Xiong,
    Meo is a world wide community and includes in the primary tribes of Aryan peoples.It is thought that Meo was the name of God. It is also believed that Aryans were originated in present day Ukarine about 10000 to 15000 years ago.The Aryans used to live on mountain popularly known as Meeru Parbut (Meeru Mountain).This mountain was situated near the northern lap of world, where days and nights were equal (Arctic Home by Tilk).The word i.e. Meo,mir meer meeru mehar,miao minie , meds,medai are derived from meeru meaning thereby hill. All meos belong to human haplogroup R1a1a1 which is a pure Aryan group.However, for more details see the American website of DNA and Genealogy.According to Imrat Khan, 2000( His book entitled Meos and nations of world) stated that the Hmong Meos migrated from Russia near the lapland to China and other group migrated toward Iran then toward India. This theory suggests that Hmong Meos and Indian Meos belong to same stock. However I can also provide you further information in this regard.It is also pertinent to mention here that Meos and Hmong Meos do not marry within same clan.The clan of groom and bride always different.
    Earlier ,Meos settled in the Sindh province of Pakistan and there are numerous evidences are available that Meos were Budh and not Hindu. However, after centuries they converted to Hindus.Later on , they converted to ,Muslim. Now the majority of Meos are Muslim in India and Pakistan.

    Reply
  26. I think communities in turmoil must relink themselves with history and culture,living in isolation just dimnishes the value a community has..Realities around have to be realized and actions should follow towards reconciliation,any effort in other direction will just crush.Change is a natural order which has to be accepted otherwisw there is no surrvival(See fro referenc,;who moved my cheese;)zee kushwaha meo ,Washington University in St.Louis School of Law,USA.

    Reply
  27. I m also meo and devote my all capabilities to strengthen and capable each meo in every field of life.now I m servng as sub inspector in punjab police pak in defence police station .may meo nation live long!

    Reply
    • good know that some on our meo brothers are doing so well, well i am IT professional never cares about being a meo . and dont know much about it. and i’ve never been to India or Pak

      Reply
  28. Origin of Meos & Mewat

    Dr
    Mayaram stated that there is no reference to Meos before 11th century. Most of Meos reference
    begins from 12th/13th century onward. This set me on a journey to discover the origin of Meos &
    Mewat.
    Most of the earlier history of Meos & Mewat is only in verbal form with community elders and
    Mirasis (Bards).
    There are few books written in 20th & 21st Century with most of the focus on social & cultural
    issues. Even the historical references are passing with limited explanation.
    Most Meos are proud that they were either Surya, Chander or Tomar vansies . These classifications
    are based on Vedic traditions. This also indicates that these people have lived mostly in north India
    for a very long time, at least for last three millenniums. They can happily narrate stories of
    Mahabharata. Though Meos have spread across the world in 20th & 21st century and across Indian
    subcontinent during middle ages, they all quote their origin to the area called Mewat.
    What is Mewat?
    This is a geographical area which starts in north from Raisina village (current Presidential Palace &
    Parliament of India) to Khanwa (near Fatehpur Sikri) in south. This consist of circa 1200 villages.5
    villages in Delhi/Mehrauli,550 villages in Haryana,600 villages in Rajasthan and around 50
    villages in Uttar Pradesh.
    So how do we unlock the mystery of the word Meo and why was this area called Mewat?
    There is strong link in history that Delhi was ruled by Tomars (who have direct lineage from
    Arjun’s grandson).Last of Tomar king to rule Delhi was Anangpal II who ruled Delhi till
    1170.There is confusion who succeeded him legally in Delhi but there is good evidence that around
    this period there were repeated attacks from Afghans in north which were most of the time repulsed.
    As late as 1191 Mohammad Ghauri was defeated by Prithvi Raj Chauhan (maternal grandson of
    Anangpal II).
    In 1192 two material things happened. Moinuddin Chisti (who is now buried in Ajmer and is called
    Gharib Nawaz) arrived in India that year and second was defeat of Prithvi Raj Chauhan.
    Saying goes that when Moinuddin Chisti arrived he met Prithvi Raj Chauhan and they exchanged
    views .It seems their conversation was cut short by Prithvi Raj Chauhan’s impatience. He told
    Moinuddin Chisti that he needed to rush to north to tackle Mohammad Ghauri and he moved on. As
    Chauhan turned his back to move on for his journey, Chisti apparently mumbled following words”
    Now he will not come back”.
    As the fate will have it, Prithvi Raj Chauhan lost the war, he was arrested and taken to Afghanistan.
    The defeated army did soul searching and agreed to seek Moinuddin Chisti’s guidance as they
    thought that he knew their future since he had predicted Prithvi Raj Chauhan’s defeat.
    When they met Moinuddin Chisti, asked him what should they do next as they are without a king
    now?
    He advised them that they should say La Illaha Illala Mohmmad-ur Rasul-Ulla. They asked what it
    meant. He explained that it meant God is one and Prophet Mohammed is His messenger.
    They further asked what else they should do, his next advice was that they should not burn the dead
    instead they should to bury them. They sought more explanation on burial and expressed that what
    happened if the dead after burial came back to haunt them. He then assured them that he will
    organise people from his group to take care of their concern.
    Moinuddin Chisti then placed one person from his group in each village. The place where this
    person and his family lived is called Takia and were called Mian sahibs.
    Till to date there is evidence of Mian saheb’s in Mewat villages. These people were given all last
    remains from the dead e. g ,the last cot on which the dead body was taken to Kabristan (burial
    ground),remnants of Kaffan ( cloth cover which is taken away from the body at the time of burial).
    According to sayings around 125000 people embraced Islam in late 12th century. This was all
    Anangpal II army and their families.
    From 1292 till 1857 Delhi remained under the rule of various Muslim rulers and there are many
    stories that these people did not align with Delhi rulers and is most instances were always against
    the establishment. Now begins the murky part of the history. While these people embraced but
    culturally they remained aligned to their Mahabharat culture.
    However socially it was becoming difficult for them on how to conduct marriages and various
    social intercourses. It was Kakurana from Mehrauli who in 13th century helped them to design a
    new cast system.
    In the new cast in which they called themselves Meo with 52 Gots , 12 Pals and 13th Pallkara some
    Nipallias. Interestingly out of the 52 Gots which Meos adopted, 28 Gots overlap with their original
    Hindu Gots. E. g. Katarias and so on.
    There was elaborate design in terms of who could marry whom and where. The villages were
    accordingly apportioned and allocated. The system had lot of science in it. The emphasis was that
    there should not be any in-breeding.
    Except for Nikah all the marriage rituals continued in the same way as was the practice before
    conversion to Islam.
    END……

    Reply
  29. Origin of Meos & Mewat

    Dr Mayaram stated that there is no reference to Meos before 11th century. Most of Meos reference begins from 12th/13th century onward. This set me on a journey to discover the origin of Meos & Mewat. Most of the earlier history of Meos & Mewat is only in verbal form with community elders and Mirasis (Bards). There are few books written in 20th & 21st Century with most of the focus on social & cultural issues. Even the historical references are passing with limited explanation. Most Meos are proud that they were either Surya, Chander or Tomar vansies . These classifications are based on Vedic traditions. This also indicates that these people have lived mostly in north India for a very long time, at least for last three millenniums. They can happily narrate stories of Mahabharata. Though Meos have spread across the world in 20th & 21st century and across Indian subcontinent during middle ages, they all quote their origin to the area called Mewat. What is Mewat?
    This is a geographical area which starts in north from Raisina village (current Presidential Palace & Parliament of India) to Khanwa (near Fatehpur Sikri) in south. This consist of circa 1200 villages.5 villages in Delhi/Mehrauli,550 villages in Haryana,600 villages in Rajasthan and around 50 villages in Uttar Pradesh.
    So how do we unlock the mystery of the word Meo and why was this area called Mewat?
    There is strong link in history that Delhi was ruled by Tomars (who have direct lineage from Arjun’s grandson).Last of Tomar king to rule Delhi was Anangpal II who ruled Delhi till 1170.There is confusion who succeeded him legally in Delhi but there is good evidence that around this period there were repeated attacks from Afghans in north which were most of the time repulsed.
    As late as 1191 Mohammad Ghauri was defeated by Prithvi Raj Chauhan (maternal grandson of Anangpal II).
    In 1192 two material things happened. Moinuddin Chisti (who is now buried in Ajmer and is called Gharib Nawaz) arrived in India that year and second was defeat of Prithvi Raj Chauhan. Saying goes that when Moinuddin Chisti arrived he met Prithvi Raj Chauhan and they exchanged views .It seems their conversation was cut short by Prithvi Raj Chauhan’s impatience. He told Moinuddin Chisti that he needed to rush to north to tackle Mohammad Ghauri and he moved on. As Chauhan turned his back to move on for his journey, Chisti apparently mumbled following words” Now he will not come back”.
    As the fate will have it, Prithvi Raj Chauhan lost the war, he was arrested and taken to Afghanistan.
    The defeated army did soul searching and agreed to seek Moinuddin Chisti’s guidance as they thought that he knew their future since he had predicted Prithvi Raj Chauhan’s defeat. When they met Moinuddin Chisti, asked him what should they do next as they are without a king now?
    He advised them that they should say La Illaha Illala Mohmmad-ur Rasul-Ulla. They asked what it meant. He explained that it meant God is one and Prophet Mohammed is His messenger. They further asked what else they should do, his next advice was that they should not burn the dead instead they should to bury them. They sought more explanation on burial and expressed that what happened if the dead after burial came back to haunt them. He then assured them that he will organise people from his group to take care of their concern. Moinuddin Chisti then placed one person from his group in each village. The place where this person and his family lived is called Takia and were called Mian sahibs. Till to date there is evidence of Mian saheb’s in Mewat villages. These people were given all last remains from the dead e. g ,the last cot on which the dead body was taken to Kabristan (burial ground),remnants of Kaffan ( cloth cover which is taken away from the body at the time of burial).
    According to sayings around 125000 people embraced Islam in late 12th century. This was all Anangpal II army and their families.
    From 1292 till 1857 Delhi remained under the rule of various Muslim rulers and there are many stories that these people did not align with Delhi rulers and is most instances were always against the establishment. Now begins the murky part of the history. While these people embraced but culturally they remained aligned to their Mahabharat culture.
    However socially it was becoming difficult for them on how to conduct marriages and various social intercourses. It was Kakurana from Mehrauli who in 13th century helped them to design a new cast system.
    In the new cast in which they called themselves Meo with 52 Gots , 12 Pals and 13th Pallkara some Nipallias. Interestingly out of the 52 Gots which Meos adopted, 28 Gots overlap with their original Hindu Gots. E. g. Katarias and so on.
    There was elaborate design in terms of who could marry whom and where. The villages were accordingly apportioned and allocated. The system had lot of science in it. The emphasis was that there should not be any in-breeding. Except for Nikah all the marriage rituals continued in the same way as was the practice before conversion to Islam.
    END……

    Er Taslim Khan (7023820120)
    Ghosinga, Kaman, Bharatpur, Rajasthan, India

    Reply
    • Assalam Alikum
      Dear Meo brothers and sisters, who belongs to Muslim community (dear hindu meo community please no offence) should very very thanks to Allah Almighty the creator of All human being.
      Guys, i am from Pakistan and my forefathers were from india. i am an engineer working in saudi arabia.
      i have just read out above all comments and discussion, i do not know hwy you all trying to prove it that we belong to very noble and highly respected family or we have a great history background.
      You guys are sounding like to go back in past time when there was no teaching of islam, that time only the things matter was the highly respected tribes, we all should thanks to Allah rab ul izzat that he has blessed us whatever was the century but now we are all muslims. The greatness of being Muslim is not about that how old Muslim connection you have, its all about how strong believe and faith you have in islam.
      we are trying to get the higher positions and still we are looking back to our pasts.
      Get education, be noble and gentle muslims, the best among us is the one who has TQAWA.
      in the last but not least, if you want to give respect and identification to our MEO Brothery then get education, get the knowledge of islam, be a true muslims as Mohammed (Peace be upon him), get a level that other peoples search about you not yourself.Ranks are all about TAQWA, RIGHTEOUSNESS & FATH, not about how old you belong t islam and what was you family backgroung. only hindu meo community can consider all these factors.
      forgive me if i hurt someone but its time to think out of the box.
      Allah hafiz

      Reply
  30. im in pakistan

    Reply
  31. HI AM FROM AURANGABAD MAHARASHTRA I DON’T KNW MEWATI BUT AM AN MEWATI

    Reply
  32. All meos should understand that the first and foremost pride should be that they are muslims in the first place, then meos, then belong to any goat, pal or pallakhra. All should transform their lives according to islamic shariah and according to traditions and customs. All should pursue higher education and best moral values.
    Shabbir Ahmad, paahat meo, chartered accountant,
    Lahore, Pakistan.

    Reply
  33. Assalam Alikum
    Dear Meo brothers and sisters, who belongs to Muslim community (dear hindu meo community please no offence) should very very thanks to Allah Almighty the creator of All human being.
    Guys, i am from Pakistan and my forefathers were from india. i am an engineer working in saudi arabia.
    i have just read out above all comments and discussion, i do not know hwy you all trying to prove it that we belong to very noble and highly respected family or we have a great history background.
    You guys are sounding like to go back in past time when there was no teaching of islam, that time only the things matter was the highly respected tribes, we all should thanks to Allah rab ul izzat that he has blessed us whatever was the century but now we are all muslims. The greatness of being Muslim is not about that how old Muslim connection you have, its all about how strong believe and faith you have in islam.
    we are trying to get the higher positions and still we are looking back to our pasts.
    Get education, be noble and gentle muslims, the best among us is the one who has TQAWA.
    in the last but not least, if you want to give respect and identification to our MEO Brothery then get education, get the knowledge of islam, be a true muslims as Mohammed (Peace be upon him), get a level that other peoples search about you not yourself.Ranks are all about TAQWA, RIGHTEOUSNESS & FATH, not about how old you belong t islam and what was you family backgroung. only hindu meo community can consider all these factors.
    forgive me if i hurt someone but its time to think out of the box.
    Allah hafiz

    Reply
  34. salam

    i m asif from meerut (UP india) i m doing job in delhi i m graphic designer,2d artist fashion photographer.. u r all suprb meos :)

    thank u

    Reply
  35. I am also meo muslim of rajthan…
    my gotra is ‘chirakloat’
    plz gives details of my gotra?
    I am mechanical engineering

    Reply
  36. AOA
    I am Muhammad Jamil Mayo from District Kasur, Pattoki village Bugghi Sher wali, i am a Govt. Servant in Irrigation Department, Lahore, really i like to see some information about Mewat, please if you know some more about Mewat coste. thanks

    Reply

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