Khatri

Who are they?

The Khatri are a trading and mercantile community, who originated in Punjab and spread to the many states in which they now live. Numbering around 2.5 million, they live in Punjab, Delhi, Haryana, Uttar Pradesh, Gujarat, Jammu & Kashmir, Maharashtra, Himachal Pradesh, Bihar, Tamil Nadu, Rajasthan, Madhya Pradesh and Chandigarh. In all, they are distributed in over 132 districts in the country and have 241 segments.

The Khatri claim to be Rajput: the second highest class of warriors in the fourfold Hindu caste system. They believe that their name is a corrupt derivation of the Sanskrit word Kshatriya, which is a synonym of Rajput. During the British rule of the 19th century, the Khatri virtually had a monopoly over trade in Punjab and neighbouring Afghanistan. There is no doubt that the Khatri is an influential community of northwestern India; one that has emerged as one of the most progressive and dynamic in recent years. Before India’s independence and resultant partition in 1947 the Khatri were settled mainly in the western part of pre-partition Punjab (now in Pakistan) and shortly after began migrating to India.

Origin

There are many theories regarding their origin. One legend relates that Parashurama (Rama, 6th incarnation of Vishnu) wanted to massacre the Kshatriyas and caused every Kshatriya woman to miscarry. However, some women escaped and took shelter in Brahmin (highest priestly caste) houses. The Brahmin declared them to be Brahmin and even ate with them in order to show Parashurama that the Kshatriya women were from their caste, and thus saved them. According to this story, the children born of these women became the Khatri.

Language

The language spoken by the Khatri people varies from state to state. In Punjab, Haryana and Jammu and Kashmir, the Indo-Aryan language, Punjabi, is their first language and the Gurumukhi script is used to write it. However, in the state of Jammu and Kashmir, they also speak Dogri and Bhadrawahi. Hindi is the primary language in Delhi and Uttar Pradesh and it is written in the Devanagari script. They speak Maithili in Bihar, Mewari or Marwari in Rajasthan, Pahari in Himachal Pradesh and Kacchi in Gujarat. Most Khatri are also fluent in Hindi language and many educated Khatri speak English.

What are their lives like?

The Khatri are businessmen, traders, professional moneylenders and financiers. Their business pursuits range from owning and operating village shops to being major wholesale traders and industrialists. However, there are also some who practice agriculture and rear animals. Many are contractors and transporters, while a few are employed in government and private sectors. The Khatri of Gujarat are known for their cloth which they print and dye as well as the specialized art of bandhini (tying and dyeing fabrics), while in Maharashtra they are the traditional weavers of silk saris, especially the famous paithani saris.

The Khatri are also engineers, doctors, scientists, army, police, administrators, politicians and creative artists. Generally, they are highly literate. They encourage both sons and daughters to study and graduate.

The Khatri use modern medicine as well as indigenous medicines. They practice family planning. Official development programs have brought numerous opportunities to them and they make full use of the schemes offered relating to subsidized loans and irrigation facilities; and made optimum use of the Public Distribution System and national banks for personal savings and obtaining loans for commercial purposes.

Customs

This is an endogamous community – that is they do not marry outside their group. However they do marry between clans, and often, villages. The clan names are also often used as surnames. In Punjab (where they are largely concentrated in the districts of Amritsar, Jalandhar, Ludhiana, Gurdaspur, and Patiala), the Khatri have four subgroups, namely, Bahri, Bunjahi, Sariu and Khokhrar, which are further divided into a large number of clans.

In Haryana, large numbers live in the districts of Hissar, Ambala, Rohtak, Faridabad, and Yamunanagar, and have subgroups or sub castes like Bunjahi, Sarin, and Bahri Khokhrar, divided into clans. There are two main subgroups in Delhi – the Purbia, (eastern) and Pachhadha (western), who are divided into clans such as Mehra, Kapoor, Mehrotra, Khanna, Tandon and Seth. In the hill state of Himachal Pradesh their subgroups are Bari, Bunjahi and Sarin, of which the first and second have twelve sections each and the third has one hundred and fifty-two sections. Some clans here are Chaddha, Sethi, Ratwan, Chopra, Kaure, Mehta, Mehra, Verma, Jagota and Vaidya, which are also surnames.

The Khatri of Uttar Pradesh are divided into subgroups like Kakkar, Kapoor, Khanna, Lahauri, Seth and Tandon, as well as clans like Bhalla, Bhasin, Mehra, Mehrotra, Bedi and Sodhi. The Khatri of Bihar have six subgroups, namely the Charjati , Panchjati, Chhajati, Barajati, Bahannajati, while those of Rajasthan have two subgroups divided into eighty-four gotras such as Dodecha, Gaba, Saghia, Morgoja, Morbani, Kangra, Bagecha and Sada.

Marriages are arranged through negotiation between elders and parents. Adult marriages are preferred today. There are no symbols of marriage among the Sikh Khatri women, but among those who are Hindu, married women wear (sindur) the vermilion mark, glass bangles, a coloured dot on the forehead known as bindi, toe-rings and finger rings. Monogamy has been and remains the rule among them. Dowry is common among this community, given in both cash and kind.

Both Hindu and Sikh Khatri discourage divorce, but it is allowed in extreme cases of maladjustment or barrenness. Remarriage of widows, widowers, and divorcees is allowed. However, in states like Bihar widow remarriage is forbidden. Junior sororate prevails. Traditional extended families are found among the community, although they are becoming less common as young couples increasingly choose to set up new homes apart from the parents and in-laws. Only the sons inherit ancestral property. It is divided equally but the eldest son inherits the late father’s authority as head of the family. Daughters, traditionally, receive no share of the estate.

Khatri women care for their homes and do housework. They are given a specific role in the ritual, religious and social spheres of family and community life. In many cases, especially in urban settings, they also participate in economic activities and contribute to the family finances. They are proficient in embroidery and knitting. The Khatri have oral traditions in the form of folksongs and folklore. In Punjab and Haryana folksongs such as Ghori and Mahia are sung at the time of marriage. Dances such as the bhangra are performed by men and gidda, by women) at celebrations. Traditional musical instruments include the harmonium, chimta (tongs), dhol (drum), daphli (tambourine) and bansuri (flute).

The Khatri have informal councils headed by the elders who deal with issues relating to marriage, divorce and property. There are other organized societies for the welfare of the community like the All India Khatri Mahasabha in Uttar Pradesh.

What are their beliefs?

The Khatri are 69 % Hindu, 22 % Muslim or 11 % Sikh by faith and strictly adhere to the tenets of their respective religions. Some belong to the egalitarian Arya Samaj and the Guru-centric Radhasoami and Nirankari sects. Sikh Khatri hold the ten Gurus of their religion in high esteem. Guru Nanak, the founder of Sikhism, as well as Guru Govind Singh, the tenth guru was a Khatri. The Muslims among the Khatri live mainly in Gujarat and adhere to the tenets of the Islamic faith, and belong to the dominant Sunni sect.

The Hindus of this community devotedly worship all the deities of the Hindu pantheon. In addition, the Khatri of Maharashtra also worships a communal deity and a regional goddess. Sitala Mata (goddess of small pox) and Shrinathji are regional deities of the Khatri of Rajasthan.

Brahmin priests perform all rituals relating to births, marriages and deaths for the Hindu Khatri, while the granthi (Sikh priest) do so for the Sikh Khatri. The dead are cremated and the ashes immersed in a river, preferably the sacred Ganges River at Haridwar and a thirteen-day period of death pollution is observed. However, infants and young children are buried. Ancestor worship prevails among the Hindu Khatri. All major festivals and fairs are the same as those observed by other Hindu and Sikh. Muslims observe Id, Bara Wafat (Prophet Mohammed’s birthday) and others.

 

124 Comments

  1. khatri can be sindhi also plz update urself

    Reply
  2. Hi,
    I endorse Ruchika’s point. Khatri’s were also settled in Sindh. In Upper Sindh, Khatri’s may have directly migrated from Punjab, while lower Sindh was inhabitated by Khatri’s from Rajisthan. Khatri’s have been living in Sindh since long time and spoke Sindhi language. Tando Allahyar (Near Hyderabad) was famous for largest population of Khatri tradesman in pre-partition days, while many Khatri families lived in Shikarpur, Sukkur, and Larkana, besides small towns in upper as well as lower Sindh (Thatta, Badin, Umerkot, Mithi). Most of the Sindhi speaking Khatri’s migrated to India during or after partition. However, there are a few families (about 400) still live in lower Sindh, mostly Mirpurkhas, Umerkot, Tharparkar, and Sanghar districts. They are of Rajisthani origin and speak Thari/Dhatki (Sindhi+Marwari) language. Only a few (less than 50) families of Sindhi speaking Khatri’s live in Shikarpur, Hala, and Thatta. The Khatri’s in Shikarpur, Hala and Thatta had inter-marriages with other Sindhi speaking Hindus (who are called Lohana / Bania and are traders by profession), while those in other districts still maintain their intra-clan marriages. Khatri’s of Halla and Thatta have recently had intermairrages with Dhatki speaking Khatris.

    Reply
  3. khatri population in india is around one crore fifty lacs they live mainly in delhi,punjab,himachal,haryana,uttranchal,uttarpardesh,rajasthan,madhyapardesh,chattisgarh,ranchi,mumbai& many more cities

    Reply
    • But in himachal mehta kapoor they claim themselves as rajput not khatri

      Reply
  4. If Khatris were not rulers as Kshatriya, they why have most of Punjab’s governors of provinces been Khatris. Look at the Dewans (governor) of the Mughal period, they were all Khatris. Look at the kings of the major Empires. Look at Ranjit Singh’s highest ranking military officials, they were Khatris. several army generals or small princes in North India have been Khatris. For example, General Hari Singh Nalwa in Mahraja Ranjit Singh’s army who had conquered lands across the River Sindh, was a Khatri. Dewan Mool Raj, the Governor of Multan Province, was a Chopra Khatri. The Rajas of Ludhiana area, Jalandhar, Burdwan in Bengal were Kapoor Khatris and so on (These are just a few examples) In modern times, Khatris have largely become an urban community living mostly in Punjab, Haryana, Delhi, Uttar Pradesh and other parts of North India.

    Look at ALL the Gurus…….they were all Khatris. Guru Gobind Singh, the greatest warrior of our land, what was that Anonymous……….why yes, he was a Khatri too….hahaha. Where do you think the basis for the Sikh religion formed??? It formed from the upbringings and teachings of Khatri people that is why the religion is full of honor and valor, and prestige. It is because the Sikh faith defends its beliefs first with the mind, and then with the body. Jatts are another group of people I have respect for because they have unity and pride in their people.

    Oh, for the other readers who were interested in knowing about Khatri last names and their origins,…….not for you Anonymous cuz your a pu$$y shiit who can’t even give himself a name on this board.

    NOTE: This information was provided to me from older generations such as my father and other people in the community, done with my own research….

    Kshatriya tribes and gotras:

    Suryavansi: (Raghava or Raghuvans): Kachwaha, Haiwaha, Rathor, Balla, Tomar, Senghar, Gaur, Sarin

    Chandravansi (Yadava or Yaduvans): Jadon, Bharra, Dahia, Sammad, Jethwa, Silahar, Chavada

    Agnivansi: Pramara, Parihara, Chalukya, Chauhan, Jhalla, Scindia, Dora

    Nagavansi : Tank, Meir, Bais, Bhatti, Dabhi, Anwan, Khukrain

    Govansi (or Bhumivansi): Bhandari, Gurjara, Bhalla, Kushi, Nair, Bhonsla, Katoch

    Apavansi (or sagarvansi): Kapur, Wahi, Wadhva, Duggal, Kochar, Dhawan, Mehra

    Vayuvansi: Khanna, Tandon, Kakar, Chopra, Sami, Sahni, Uppal, Chadha

    The Suryavamsha as well as the Somavamsha originated from the common ancestor, the great Brahma. His sons were : Marichi ;his son sage Kashyap; his son Vivaswan or Surya i.e. Sun, and the descendants vamsha was Suryavamsha, the other son of Brahma was Atri.and his sons were Sagar or samundar i.e. sea (from which the apavansi or sagarvansi sprang and Sagar’s son was Soma or Chandra, and his descendants were the Somavansa. From his own body, Brahma created Svayamabhuva Manu, a male and Shatarupa, a female. Humans descended from Manu and so are known as manava. And subsequently from them appeared the Prachetas. They created wind (vayu) and fire (agni) from their mouths, whence we have the Vayuvansi and Agnivansi clans.
    The earth is said to have derived its name from Prithu, the 6th king of the line of Vaisasvata. From this we have the Bhumi- or Govansi. Manu eldest son of Iksvaku, king of Kosaldesa (Ayodhia). A few generations later came Masndhatri, in whose line the 31st king was Harishchandra, wellknown to live for truih. Raja Sagar of the same clan performed the ashvamedha yajna (from him we have the Apavansi ). and his great grandson bhagirath is reputed to have brought ganga on earth by virtue of his penances.

    Like all other castes in India, Khatris are also divided into many sub-groups. On the top are dhai-gharas or those belonging to the two and a half houses. These are the four castes of Kapurs, Mehras (or Malhotras), Seth and Khannas. These are then followed by Bahris or the twelvers e.g. Tandons, Chopras, Wahis, Gadheoks, etc. Then there is the large mixed group of Bhunjais or fifty-twoers; which includes almost all the remaining Khatris ; Wigs come in this group. There are also special sub-groups of Khatris called Khukhrains and Sarins/Sareens, which do not fall into all of the above groups. Khukharain Khatris include names like Anand, Chadha, Kohli, Sethi etc. Of course the most famous Khatri of all times is Guru Nanak Dev (1469-1539) who was a Bedi Khatri. All the following nine Gurus were Khatris with sub-castes like Trehan, Bhalla and Sodhi, etc.

    And just so you guys don’t get confused with Khatri last names with Arora last names……..

    SOME KHATRI GOTRAs:

    KUSHAL VADHERA KAPOOR KHANNA MALHOTRA CHADHA BHASIN SETHI SAHNI KOHLI SABHARWAL ANAND CHOPRA SURI DHAWAN SONI BAHRI MEHRA BHALLA SEHGAL MARWAHA NANDA PURI BEHL MARIA CHATRATH JAIRATH JALOTA DHIR DUGGAL BHAKOO KAPAHI KHULLAR LAMBA LOOMBA KUNDRA KUMRA MAHINDRU THAPAR TANDON UMMAT SARIN MAINI SHAHI NAVAL UPPAL KHOSLA NAYYAR JULKA MEHTA WADHAWAN DHAND DHALL GAIND ABBI SEKHRI SALHOTRA GANDOTRA KOCHHAR BADHWAR SALDHI BEDI SONDHI SODHI VOHRA MAHANA CHANANA CHITKARA PALTA CHODHA WAHI GHAI SOBTI MAINGI TANGRI OHRI RATRA ALAGH WIG VIJ CHHATWAL OBEROI KAURA ZUTSHI SETH BASSI PASSI BHAMBRI BATTA BAWA TREHAN SANAN LEKHI BINDRA TALWAR BANDHOLA BABUTA GERA SOFAT HANDA TULI BHANDRI JETHI VINAYAK TAKYAR KATYAL SAYAL ABROL KHER KAKKAR johar saggar BERRI MAKAN KAK SIKKA PANDHI ANCHAL(ANSAL) HITKARI SARNA SARPAL SABLOK NALWA MAJITHIA KANDHARI MALHAN SIBBAL KAILA THAMAN GHURA SHANGARI SOI

    ARORA GOTRAs:
    ALL ENDS WITH SUFFIX EJA eg taneja dhamija
    ends with suffix ANI eg LAKHANI CHOUTANI, KAPANI
    OTHERS ARORA SUR NAMES R
    GROVER BANGA KUMAR KHURANA KAMRA NAKRA BATRA SAPRA NAGPAL GULATI KWATRA SACHAR WADHWA BAJAJ KALRA CHAWLA JAWA LAL JHAMB CHHABRA KHATTAR MUNJAL LOHIA KHARBANDA GHIRDAR MANCHANDA DHINGRA MONGA GUJRAL MIDHA CHANDNA NARANG MALIK MAKKAR GULATI SIKRI CHUGH BAGGA KATHURIA dang narula GAMBIR SACHDEVA GOGIA MONGIA GILHOTRA JHANG KUKAR THUKRAL LUTHRA SETIA MANOCHA CHANDOK MADHOK MITRA DUA PRUTHI BATHLA SARDANA POPLI POPAT BUDHIRAJA DAVAR MEHENDIRATTA TAKKAR RAJPAL KATARIA PAHWA SAI NANGIA DHAKA CHHOKRA

    soods,BHATIAS AHLUWALIAS ARORAS KHAIRAS R NOT KHATRIS, they are Baniya type people along with GARG, GOYAL, GOEL.

    A lot of Baniya, Arora, Tarkhan, Ramgharia, etc. etc. try to claim to be of Khatri (Kshatriya) descent, but they are not.

    Reply
  5. aroras are also kshatrya , they are vanshaj of king arur (aror vansh)

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  6. How about “KOCHAR”? I found some references suggesting them to be khatris however some people contested that and said they are aroras. Can some shed some light on this particular gotra?

    Reply
  7. we khatri’s living in kanchipuram with ending name of “sah” not only in kanchipuram of tamil nadu my relatives are in chennai, bangalore and hydrabad.My ancestors from bangalore came and settled in kanchipuram and so we are known as “bangalorewala” in kanchipuram we have khatri samaj under which we have a panduranga swami temple and khatri matric hr sec school.mmost of our khatri members are involved in silk buisness in kanchipuram.Not only in kanchipuram our khatri people are allover north tamil nadu.Dont think that our people are only in North India we are also in tamil nadu

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  8. thank you for such kind of information!:-)

    Reply
    • Can anyone please tell where r the Jathere’s of marwaha khatri’s of Punjab that will be of great help for my family.

      Regards
      Mini

      Reply
      • Its in Patti near Tarn Taran Punjab. I got this info from my parents, nd will soon visit the place and let u know.

        Reply
  9. I saw in some websites that rana are khatris and also sikh jats. Let me tell you that rana are pure rajputs(kshatriya). They are not khatris.

    Reply
  10. I MUST THANK YOU FOR THE IN DEPTH INFORMATION. BUT COULD YOU PLEASE RE-CHECK ABOUT “MADHOK” ? AS I COSIDERED IT AS KHATRI CASTE AND NOT AS ARORA.

    Reply
  11. can u tell me about ansal,r they khatris or somebody others ,is it sur name or only gotras

    can u tell me something about ansal,r they khatri or somebody else
    is ansal a surname or a caste or gotra

    Reply
  12. pahwa’s are from kashyap comunity[non brahmis]

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  13. Guru gohbind singh ji once clamed to be kjhatri when a brahim asked him what religion he is- he said – Mah koi bhram da putt nai-= mah khatri guru teg bhadur da putt”

    Khatris are very intelligent people and this is shown througout sikh history- jatt people became sikh around the time of banda singh bhadur-

    jatts and khatris need to re unite to make the khalsa raj –

    Reply
  14. anand are also Suryavansi. but gotra section is not shown the caste

    Reply
    • Anand comes under khatri’s they are not Suryavanshi
      Refer “http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Suryavanshi”

      Reply
  15. i m belong to chawla caste, but i dont know the gotra of this caste or place of that gotra, if anybody know then plz help, provide relevant information.

    Reply
  16. में मारवाड़ी खत्री हूँ, जैसलमेर राजस्थान का निवासी हूँ।
    और मेरी गौत्र “किरी” है।
    में आपको ये बताना चाहूँगा के आपने अपने इस लेख में
    मारवाड़ी खत्री का कही भी कोई वर्णन नहीं किया है।
    और जहाँ तक मुझे याद ह तो हमने यहाँ हमारे बुजुर्गो
    से यही सूना है के ,खत्री एक बहोत बड़ी community है,
    जो कइ क्षेत्रीय आधार पर भी बटी हुई है।
    जैसे मारवाड़ी खत्री
    पंजाबी खत्री
    सिन्धी खत्री
    गुजराती खत्री etc…………
    और हम मारवाड़ी खत्री में कुछ गौत्र इस तरह से है
    किरी, दड़ा ,बिछड़ा, भुत, दलोरा, वारेड, छूंछा, खाखुपोतरा,
    धनदे etc……….

    अतः मेरा आपसे निवेदन है की आप अपने इस वर्णन म पुर्ण खत्री समाज
    की जानकारी उपलब्ध करावे

    Reply
  17. why khatri’s are not counted in minority category?

    Reply
  18. hi,
    my question is could u brief me abt “Dheer’s”…
    We are a family from descent of Baluchistan -migrated all over north and finally settled in Bihar …

    Reply
  19. I belong to punjabi khatri Mahendroo family (also spelled as mahindru, or maindru), and have Dheer relatives; Dheer is a very much punjabi khatri caste.

    Reply
    • mahendru are bari Khatri (12 house)

      Reply
  20. is any body know about badwhar khatri please give me all impronation like badwhar gotra ,kuldevi thanks

    Reply
  21. In recent days I have been researching information about kshetris and Khatri. I am from Nepal with surname Niroula. We are chhetris (Kshatriya) in Nepal. We, in our community are called Khatri (meaning Khaseko chhetri- which means a slightly impure chhetri). Of course cheetri in Nepal is ruler including kings and Rana dynasty and population is huge. I see Bhandari as Khatri; Bhandari in Nepal can be a Brahmin and a Chhetri (Khsyatria). Its interesting that we are so close, and I think people in Nepal moved from Khatri land of India.

    Reply
    • I revisited this website after long time and saw a great discussion on who is Khatri and who is not. In fact, I don’t think it makes any difference who is who with respect to his genes, what matters is what good he is doing for the society. Anyway, my two cents for taking interest in one’s origin!
      We cannot guess much based on surname. In different regions, surnames may communicate different information. For example, in Sindh, there is a trend in Hindus to call their name behind their grandfather or great grandfather by adding .. aani to his name. Like Advani, Asnani, etc. In some cases this surname lasts until 4-5 generation, and for some it changes after 3 generation as the household grows or separates. Sometimes, people from different castes may have similar surname just because their ancestor had similar name. Also, surnames diversify as the population of a clan or caste grows. For examples, Hindu Khatri’s in Pakistan usually use Khatri as surname because they are in extreme minority even among Hindus. Their relatives in India Rajisthan use their “Nukh or Gotar” as surname, while pre-partition. Sindhi Hindu Khatri’s used their great grandfather names as surnames. Also, the neighborhood/village/town/city is also used as surname, as in case of Arora. Hence, it is up to themselves to call them whatever cast they belong to and it’s not as simple as it looks to identify someone’s origin through current surname.
      What I would like to add here is that the story we heard from our forefathers about their origin is related to Parashuram and fleeing kshatryas taking refuge with Dadheech rishi (a brahman) who brings them to Hinglaj Devi (in Baluchistan, Pakistan) to save them from Parashuram. There, they also marry with rishi-kumari’s and have Brahmkshatrya offspring that are later referred as Brahm Khatri, or simply Khatri who take three trades, i.e. goldsmith, carpenter, and cloth dyer. Another story mentions Khatri’s being Soomras (Sindhi rulers, who were probably hindus) who fled after Alauddin occupation along with their women and later remained hidden doing different occupations mentioned above. Based on this, I guess Khatri’s may have had different reasons (predominantly a defeat at the hands of a powerful enemies) to quit their military related profession and hide under disguise of a different occupation ranging from trade to arts and crafts.

      Reply
      • I saw this blog by accident & read the interesting comments , being research
        Student of Indian history , these are my 2 cents :
        Khatri are one of the Varun Shankar communities of India along
        with Kayastha , Nishad .. There origin is due to cross of upper & lower
        Caste and given the name Khatri – people who are neither KSHATRIYA nor Vaish ( Bania).
        Khatri don’t have any martial history & there were no Khatri kings in India. They are purely
        Mercantile community , except few Sikh Khatris who took Army as profession
        But only 11% Khatris are Sikhs & predominantly Hindu by religon .
        Arora are another mercantile community originating from Sindh who migrated to multan & some areas of Punjab when Mahmud Ghajnavi forces finally defeated then Sindh ruler Raja Idris ( Brahmin king from Rajasthan & Sindh) , since Khatri & Arora both were mercantile communities still the Khatris from punjab would not marry into Arora considering them as lower to them by caste / status being from other state . Aror is a place in Sindh even today.
        Though Khatris like Saraswat Brahmins ( mainly from punjab & Kashmir) are part of classic Indo Aryan society which were settled around the banks of river saraswati in punjab & migrated to other parts of India. Jatt or Jatts are originally from Rajasthan & migrated after Rajputs into other areas in north , being farmers as Rajput would not allow Jats to use title Singh meant only for KSHATRIYA Rajputs & not allow jats to have military trainings , still in Rahasthan Bhatti Rajputs are one of the biggest communities & on regular basis clashes take place between Rajputs & Jaats. Rajput in Himachal are one of the branch of Rajputs who migrated to upper Himachal areas from Rahasthan after getting defeated by Mughal Armies. These areas are still 12 hours away from Simla so they wanted escape the wrath of invading Mughals who wanted to wipe them out so that they don’t have any body to challenge them albeit people like Raja MAn Singh who became there employee.

        Reply
  22. I revisited this website after long time and saw a great discussion on who is Khatri and who is not. In fact, I don’t think it makes any difference who is who with respect to his genes, what matters is what good he is doing for the society. Anyway, my two cents for taking interest in one’s origin!
    We cannot guess much based on surname. In different regions, surnames may communicate different information. For example, in Sindh, there is a trend in Hindus to call their name behind their grandfather or great grandfather by adding .. aani to his name. Like Advani, Asnani, etc. In some cases this surname lasts until 4-5 generation, and for some it changes after 3 generation as the household grows or separates. Sometimes, people from different castes may have similar surname just because their ancestor had similar name. Also, surnames diversify as the population of a clan or caste grows. For examples, Hindu Khatri’s in Pakistan usually use Khatri as surname because they are in extreme minority even among Hindus. Their relatives in India Rajisthan use their “Nukh or Gotar” as surname, while pre-partition. Sindhi Hindu Khatri’s used their great grandfather names as surnames. Also, the neighborhood/village/town/city is also used as surname, as in case of Arora. Hence, it is up to themselves to call them whatever cast they belong to and it’s not as simple as it looks to identify someone’s origin through current surname.
    What I would like to add here is that the story we heard from our forefathers about their origin is related to Parashuram and fleeing kshatryas taking refuge with Dadheech rishi (a brahman) who brings them to Hinglaj Devi (in Baluchistan, Pakistan) to save them from Parashuram. There, they also marry with rishi-kumari’s and have Brahmkshatrya offspring that are later referred as Brahm Khatri, or simply Khatri who take three trades, i.e. goldsmith, carpenter, and cloth dyer. Another story mentions Khatri’s being Soomras (Sindhi rulers, who were probably hindus) who fled after Alauddin occupation along with their women and later remained hidden doing different occupations mentioned above. Based on this, I guess Khatri’s may have had different reasons (predominantly a defeat at the hands of a powerful enemies) to quit their military related profession and hide under disguise of a different occupation ranging from trade to arts and crafts.

    Reply
  23. Who are Madaan’s are they khatri tell me.

    Reply
  24. can anyone tell me whether Bhusari caste is among aroras or khattri community.my grandfather was resident of abohar and it is said this clan is from some village called shergarh near lahore.can any one shed some light.

    Reply
  25. Thanks for giving such a vast knowledge on Khatri, it may be raw. But I feel instead of criticising each other we can contribute our caste belief here . I am Nanda, my knowledge as to my caste is that we are khatri’s and we are proud of it.

    Reply
  26. I am a Brahmin and I am in love with sethi… tell me what do I tell my parents, which caste does he belong to? sethis are Kshatriyas?

    Reply
    • Sethi are Khukherian (arora khatris (migreted))

      Reply
  27. khatri were tailor/darzi ,cook , silk weiver/jalahe and goldsmith.some were involve in trading .basically they are खतरी |now they are not kshatriya or rajput.because rajput are also not pure kshatriyas.there is no historical evidence about khatri be of kshatriya.

    Reply
  28. Hii . I’m mona bajaj.. Or mein khatri punjabi hu.. Muj apny kul devta or devi k baary mein jaannna h ki vy kon h .. Plzzzz muj cnfrm kry ki kon h ? If any onesknows …

    Reply
  29. Is surname bhalla Khatri or Brahmin?is Khatri upper caste in Punjabi?

    Reply
  30. I have been searching for the Origin of Khatri’s or Arora’s. Are they Aryans or what? please enlighten?

    Reply
  31. mani laroiya khatri gotra kanchanplus .main navashar ki rhnewali hu please aap mujhe batayege ki es gotr ki origin kha se hai

    Reply
    • apki baat hi smjh ni arhi ki aap kya bolna chahte ho

      Reply
  32. jhooth maan badai chhode . be pious pure n in peace .love respect regard to others who shall return same with interst . everyone is enjoying good / bad the returns of his past n present karmas whether thinking speach act sanskars from parents teacher envirement of present or past . god pure bodiless can’t take gigantic shape to produce brahmans kshtriyas vaishyas as have been tought . in mankind nobody is superior or inferior , all strike together like brothers for glory n prowess ( rig ved 5:60:5 ) do you think indivisual promoting caste superiority really cares for the religion .all human beings r equal . man is seed woman is earth physicaly mentaly spiritualy suitable match certinly results shall be good .fisher woman + kshtrya shantnu = bhishama krisna sister married to arjuna s/o indra/pandu s/o biyas s/o fisher woman +parasar s/o sakti s/o vasistha s/o brahma b/o visnu n shiv (trimurti ) s/o durga + brahman s/o parbrahman /paramabrahaman the real god whose ansh is every living being /atman. brahminism has not only broken jambudvip in pieces but promoted convertions to budhism / jainism / islam / sikhism becoz of selfishness of brahminism ie brahmin man + sudra woman =brahmin biyas where as brahmin woman +sudra man =chandal kshtriya woman +sudra man = nishad- huntar -balmiki vaisishya woman +sudra man -tarkhan /goldsmith /blacksmith . dashtarth/kekai were from same gotra similarly kunti/pandu also .biyas/parasar/vasishth gotra marry among or not .you marry anywhere you like leaving 5 n 3 pidhis in parental n maternal side respectively .gotra/clan is name of area village guru of one hails . pious pure true honest staight farward loving soul shall lead peaceful life

    Reply
  33. Hi
    I wanted to know about one caste which I really don’t know about this caste that is “Sewalia” please tell me in details.
    Bye

    Reply
    • Know Gotra,
      kabhi kabhi surname village and area se rakh lete the bajurg to vhi chalta rehta tha,

      Reply
  34. Sadhubad ! Itni vistrit jankari ke liye,

    Reply
  35. There are many khatris in South India. They are the descendant of Somavamshi Sahasrarjun. They are Silk traders & weavers. The Surnames of these people are Gangji, Mengji, Damji, Namaji, Khoday, Katwe, Shalghar, Gorak, Dewan, Vishwanath, etc.

    Reply
  36. pl. help me,iam in search of any khatri plateform.sameeti/organigation in bangalore.i am eager to join.my mobile no.9342026107

    Reply
  37. i feel disgusted after reading this …. arnt you ppl ashamed , what rubbish are you talking about
    its nothing to do what last name uve got , its all about your “KARMA”
    Guru Gobind singh formed khalsa n abolished the cast system gave a name called SINGH & KAUR

    Jatts , khatris , aroras your just use less if you judge ppl or marry by taking into account some ones last name …

    ive never in my life cared to ask anyones last name no matter what

    you were born human, you dont have to be anything else !!!

    Reply
    • Kya guru gobind singh ji ne ya unki family mein kisi ne inter caste marriage ki thi?

      Reply
  38. meaningless is caste n meanigless is (caste) name the same shadow protects all beings(gg 83). what caste can do ? truthfulness is true criterion(gg 142). don’t inquire caste n birth , preach true shastra ; caste n honour determined by deeds(gg 1330). vidur sudra , impotant pandu akshtriya , dhritrashtra zero, suka brahman diciple of janaka raja/akshtriya all sons of vyas brahman s/o satyawati fisher caste female n parasar brahman. satyakama brahman s/o prostitute. kauntikeya biolgical father unknown named after mother similarly radheya on given out anga desh were akshtriya n raja. mother of vyas fisher caste satyawati lateron became rani/ grand daughter-inlaw of bharat after whose name present india was called bharat including nepal, bhtan, mayamar, banladesh, pakistan, afganistan etc n step mother of bhisham s/o santanu with whom parsuram had fought. it may not be out of mention that ganga mother of bhisham too was of same fisher caste of satyawati. caste is known by character/deeds. corrupt people created caste by birth in their childrens’ intersts like claver monkey looting share of two fighting cats over a loaf of roti n big barking dog snatching away piece of bread from poor puppies. it is simple that from color- varna/caste—varnashankar–intercastes n castes names as vyas parasar n vashist ie son/father/grand father same blood r found in all shades of colors as black, dark,brown, red n white. how son from brahman female called chandal n another son from akshtriya female called khatri can be of lower status. simple saying wealth is lost nothing lost, health is lost something is lost, however if character is lost everything is lost. deeds/character lost where is identity of indivisual. do u think anybody promotinng caste superioty does really care for religion/ huminity man n woman our father/mother created by parmatma whose ansh atman in all beings.

    Reply
  39. Aap sab ko mera: iiIi

    Reply
    • ok sir jee

      Reply
  40. Sewalia which cast?tell me in details please

    Reply
    • 2nd way,
      know surenames of relatives of “sewalia”
      thn find caste of relatives,

      Reply
  41. Khatris are a ethnically diverse group of punjab some have accepted khatrization and sum went to rajasthan who were of rajput aka scythian origin n related, type scythic origin of rajput race eg of maheshwari s who have khatri as one surname are called chattris origin according to community committe. Theyr nakh ppl of scythian descent of dahae. Wr united but ethnically diverse from place to place . Somr rajput khatris of rajasthan are presrnt in greater punjab spk punjabi but khaps or surnames are rajput kin. Many are recent origin sum evn creatd in 1800 s for variety of reasons
    Neva blv the net but our samaj or commutte historians see max Mueller conspiracy
    V complicated but yes interrsting. There is rajputization for various reasons but the bulk not ol 36 royal races are doliochocephaly race. No obligation s but check max Mueller conspitacy, so called divide and rule and arya samaj hare krsna website on aryans which proves migration.tc wer united

    Reply
  42. i am sourashtrian from tamilnadu our caste also known as sourashtra in tamilnadu near about 8lakh population, in madurai itself our population more than 3lakhs we were migrated from somnath and dwaraka during 11 th century all part of india particularly settled in tamilnadu more than 600 years our people silk weaving specialists we were migrated from gujrat due to md ghajni invasion actully we are khatri people from gujarat we follow brahminical system our ancestor khatri people refer in wikipedia as sourashtra we are speaking sourashtra language also called sourashtra caste we are traditionaly khatri people as per research done by research scholors from sourastra university our language mixed with gujarathi marathi sanskrit and south indian language khatri from from north india please contact sourashtra madya sabha ta madurai in tamil nadu they established enginerng colege polytechnic arts colege also higher secondary school with 12000 students modi gurarat c.m support us he attented our sourashtra meet held madurai tamilnadu by murali

    Reply
    • geo khatri geo

      Reply
  43. please mail or call at 07669199502 tell me syal caste under general cast or not

    Reply
  44. hey guys stop this conversation about aroar and khatris first of all let us spread out community many of them dont know who khatris are …..?and from where this caste is came from

    Reply
  45. Can khatri be Maheshwaris?

    Reply
  46. Hi, I m a (raghvanshi)suryavanshi rajpoot and in love with a girl of your community who is a tandon of Uttar pradesh. We are descendants of lord Rama and as we are highest among kshatriya clan. So we have always married rajpoot of inferior clan… but strictly only rajpoots. I saw people are claiming that khatri are also a rajpoot. I will be highly highly obliged and happy if you can provide me real information claiming tandon of uttar pradesh as kshatriya. It will be a real help as I will be able to convince my family by facts. So please share info. Thank you

    Reply
    • Though Rajput is a warrior and brave community of recent time of History but its origin in India is not of ancient time….So connection with Epic time is not correct…You can search on net about same …how the migration took place in 6th / 7th Century from Central Asia..Just during Islam invasions were taking place on the borders of India by Arabs / Mongols (Mughal)..and how smartly Priest Class of India took this Tribal community (Now Rajput) in to Warrior community to save guard against these invasions…..Because of their guts and braveness both communities spread their wings and reached up to various other parts of India almost together ……You would love to read your own history and use your own judgement….as unbiased Human…as history is only history …

      Reply
    • Khatri are also Suryavanshi, no harm without any fear go and marry a Tandon Girl.
      Khattri are very progressive community.
      The gotra might be Kaushal or angiras of this Tandon Girl. Let others make you feel whatever, if you are real rajput, khatris are real Suryavanshi too.
      Mehrotra, Khanna, Kapoor, Tandon, Seth are the main caste of khatri Community.
      Mehrotra = Mihir Avtara (Avtar of God Sun)

      Reply
    • What are you ?? retarded ?? marry the goddamn girl … who the fuck cares how her name ends ? and with how many syllables ?? adding some titles in front and end of your name makes you cool ?? what a fuckin retard i swear …
      P.s Remembered my parents wrote punjabi khatri on the piece of paper when they ask what cult,ethnicity , caste , religion you belong before 10th’s board exam . I am no schedule caste ,tribe … And it dont matter to me either .. fuck this shit …this caste , religion and morons like (i am raghuvanshi) nonsense creates the rift . Grow up u dumb piece of shit ..

      Reply
  47. Real Rajpoots who are mainly concentrated in Rajisthan and Khatris are as well the decedents of Prabhu Ram,no offend to Rajpoots but saying that Khatris are Rajpoots..feels like an attempt to dilute once identity!!there doesn’t exists any vertical relation between the two but a horizontal one.

    Reply
    • Well, your right about that being confusing. I researched that Punjab existed prior to caste system. Now, that could open a few eyes because Rajputs have always had a valour of fighting skills whereas Brahmins and Buddhism appears after Shaman, Animism, Jains?

      Reply
  48. Yes,

    We are great, brave, and can lead all community and religion .

    Reply
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    Reply
  50. SELECT * FROM comments . {deepak kataria}ORDER BY RAND() LIMIT 0, 100

    Reply
  51. Plsss tell me
    Salhotra caste in which category ???

    Reply
  52. Niceeee

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  53. When the puranas and historical records themselves list them as Kshtriyas, then why call them a mercantile community ?? or use words as ‘they claim’ ??? And anyways rajputs are different line of kshtriyas than khatris

    Reply
  54. bhaiyo jat is always ryt..
    BOoMmmmm

    Reply
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    Reply
  56. Very good info about Punjabi khatris but living in North America and looking life kharti partners for their kids is very hard. Do you or anybody have suggestion or website? I will appreciate it.

    Reply
  57. meri caste khatri laroiya hai (nava shahar duwaba ke rahne vale hai main laroyia ke origin place or kis clan ke under aati hai caste janna chati hu mera gotr kanchanplace hai

    Reply
  58. they are savji of north India there main business is money lending and silk weaving.they can also be considered as haihaya rajput or hayoban.

    Reply
  59. Mera Naam Dheeraj monga hai Agar koi bhi mare help kar sake ye patà karñe me ki hamara goter & hamàre kul ki davi kon hai ,( please)

    Reply
  60. very well description

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  61. Does maglotia belongs to scheduled caste in punjab

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  62. Please tell me chatrath caste is in which category

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  63. Can somebody tell me if Mohal caste comes under hindu khatri caste or not?

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  64. What do you mean by Khatri claim to be Kshatriyas . Its Stated in the Puranas that we are the purest lineage of Kshatriyas and calling us The Mercentile community is an attempt to dilute once Identity and this will not be tolerated. I Hukam singh Gandotra s/o Balwant singh Gandotra from the Reasi kindom of Jammu and Kashmir ask you to immediately change the world “Claim” and “Mercentile Community” as soon as possible. My grand father were in the high ranked Military commander alongside Commander Zoravar singh who conquesred ladakh .
    We have a Khandani Sword Having Initials Kshatriya.(if you want i can send a screenshot).
    The Gandotra clan is a Part of Khukhrain which is a Group of Eight Clans of the Khatri caste originated from the salt reigns.
    When there are legends like Hari singh Nalva,all sikh Gurus were khatris,king porus was khatri,Nanda dynasty was khatri then using words like “Claim” and “Mercentile Community” is a straight offence to our Identity.

    Reply
  65. Mere Haatho Ko Apne
    Haatho Me
    Thaam
    Kar Usne Pucha
    Pyar Karte Ho Mujhe ???
    Me Chup Tha
    Usne Fir Pucha
    Kya Me Tumhe Pasand
    Nahi. .???
    Me Kuch Na Keh Saka
    Usne Pucha Zindagi
    Bitaoge Mere
    Saath ???
    Mene Aankhe Jhuka Li
    Usne Kaha Mere Sukh
    Dukh Me
    Hamesha
    Saath Rahoge ??
    Meri Aankho Me Aansu
    The .
    Usne Mera Chehra Utha
    Ke Dekha To
    Heraan Ho Gayi Or Pucha
    Aankho
    Me
    Aansu Ku ??
    Mene Kaha Pyar Karne
    Waalo Ko Agr Ye
    Sab Puchna Pade To Pyar
    Kesa
    Pyar To Rooh Se Hota Hai
    Aankho Me Padha Jata
    Hai
    Or Dil Me Basaya Jata
    Hai . !!

    Reply
    • I need info about rakwals they are rajputs …I need all the info about rakwals as im doing some research about them and other casts

      Reply
  66. I am sikh….Can u tell in which category did i belong? And which gotras?Does our caste belong to minority or obc?our occupation is tailoring from our grandfathers time….plzz tell

    Reply
  67. our subcaste is bhatla (khatris)Bhatla subcaste was born sometime in 1700. The story goes thus:Number of children were borne to a A Khanna lady but will not survive,when another son was borne to her, out of frustration she kept the baby away in the hot summer sun, watching from a distance the boy to die.But a Cobra arrived from nowhere to provide shade to the baby. The lady watching from a distance ran to shove away the Cobra to save the child.He was named as BHATLA.( The story in Punjabiis :Khanni puter jaya, bhati se langaya and a bhatla (bhati-la)was born)

    Reply
  68. Namstay get can any help me to give details about julka

    Reply
  69. hello if you can give me some information about Rakwals(RAKWAL)
    I would like to know about their origin, gotras and are they vanshaj of RAMA or not kindly help me with the following info…also tell me the origin of rakwals and history…..

    Reply
  70. Can anybody please tell me where is the jathere of julka

    Reply
    • Yes . Julka’s jathere in shri hargobindpur Punjab . It’s a guruduwara very famous dere. U can go there and ask local people . Thanks

      Reply
    • Julka’s jathere in shri hargobindpur Punjab . It’s a very famous guruduwara . So many people come here on the day of vaisakhi Nd Diwali. You can go there and ask local people there

      Reply
  71. Arora are khatri, but land is diffract from very past. i am not khatri or arora. i am brahmin, but arora are cheap. desi khatri are better then aroras.

    Reply
  72. regarding khatris R.P bhatla version is told by old men in stories regarding khatris of Jhang .It seems that khatri castes of Jhang are not shown in lists. Ancient and medieval history is ignored.Now it is the need of time to trace the footprints in history from Ashoka to present day to trace the reality.Bhatla,Bhandula,Nijhawans,Pugloks and many more castes are negligible in present time screen,it seems real khatris are facing extinction.

    Reply
  73. The Khatris (Punjabi) or Kshatriyas (Sanskrit, (K) silent) are a north Indian community that originated in the Potwar Plateau of Punjab. This region is historically connected with the composition of the Vedas and classics like the Mahabharata and Ashtadhyayi. In the old varna (caste) system the Kshatriya were members of the Hindu military order who as administrators and rulers, were tasked with protecting Hindu Dharma, and serving humanity. In the course of time, however, as a result of economic and political exigencies, Khatris also expanded into mercantile occupations.It is important to note that many of the Khatri clans (gotras) are common with many jatt castes.

    When India was divided to placate the demands of its Muslims for a country of their own, most of the Khatris in the Panjab which was divided to create Pakistan migrated to India. In one of the worst human trajedies of modern history, which resulted in the deaths of untold thousands, millions of Hindu and Sikh families, many of them of the Khatri caste, were forced to abandon their heriditary family lands and flee to the Indian side of the British imposed dividing line. Today Khatris live in all regions of India, but are concentrated in East Punjab, Haryana, Delhi and Uttar Pradesh. While most Khatris are Hindu, some are also Sikh, some Muslim and even a small minority are Jain. Khatris of all these faiths collectively form one community. In modern times, the Khatri play a significant role in the Indian economy, serving as businessmen, civil and government administrators, landlords and military officials.

    Khatri Family Names

    Contents [hide]
    1 Khatri Family Names
    2 Historical Background
    3 Historical Mentions
    4 Khatris and Sun Worship
    5 RELIGION
    6 Khatris and Saraswat Brahmins
    7 Khatris and the Sikh Panth
    8 Khatris and Jain Dharma
    9 Khatris and Islam
    10 Khatris and Indian Culture
    11 Khatris Organizations
    12 Divisions among the Khatris
    13 Kukharan
    14 UP Khatris
    15 Khatris in Burma
    16 Distinguished Khatris
    17 External links
    Khatri family names include Anand, Awal, Bachewal, Badhwar, Baijal, Bagga, Bajaj, Bakshi, Batta, Bedi, Behal (Behl), Bhalla, Bhola, Bhasin, Bhandari, Bhandula, Bindra, Birghi, Chadha, Chandok, Charan, Chona, Chopra, Choudhary,Chetal, Dhall, Dhawan, Dhir, Dua, Duggal, Dhupar, Dumra, Gambhir, Gandhi, Gandhoke, Gadok, Gadhiok, Ghai, Gujral, Gulati, Gulla, Handa, Jerath, Jairath, Jaggi, Jalota, Jolly, Kakkar (Kacker) ,Kapoor (Kapur), Katyal, Keer, Khanna, Kehar, Khosla, Khullar, Kohli, Koshal, Lala, Lamba, Loomba, Madhok, Mahendru, Maini, Malhotra, Malik, Mangal, Mankhand, Manraj, Mehra, Mehrotra, Midha, Modi (Awal) , Monga, Murgai, Nair(Nayyar), Nagpal, Nakra, Nayer, Nehra, Nijhawan, Nikhanj, Oberoi, Ohri, Parwanda, Passi, Phull, Phul, Phool, Puri, Rai, Rehan, Roshan, Sabharwal, Sablok, Sadana, Saggar (Sagar), Saggi, Sahi (Shahi), Sahni(Sawhney), Sami, Sarin(Sareen), Sarna, Sehgal (Sahgal), Sekhri , Seth, Sial (Syal), Sibal, Sikka, Singh, Sobti, Sodhi, Sondhi, Soni, Suri, Talwar, Tandan (Tandon), Tehim, Tuli, Thapar, Trehan, Uberoi, Uppal, Vadehra, Vasudeva, Ved, Verma, Vig, Vij, Vinaik (Vinayak), Vohra, Wadhawan, Wahi (Wahie), Walia, Wassan(Wasan/Wason).

    There are some more Khatri initials in south India [Telangana, Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka] like Bachewal, Barad, Bharatwaj, Bochkar, Chauhan, Damankar,Dhondi, Jessu, Khode, Kubeer, Ghatadi, Gujarathi, Namaji, Padaal, Pawaar, Ring Ring, Satpute, Vadde, Vaidya etc[1]. There are some towns like Armoor [NZB, AP], Nirmal [ADB, AP],Narayankhed, Mahaboob nagar, Hubli[KN], Nanded[MH] etc where population of khatri people is above 60% and here khatries are well known as Pategars, patkari, kshatriya and loddies. [2]

    The Arora (Ahuja, Aneja, Khurana, Chawla, Juneja), Sood, Bhatia and Lohana are distinct communities of the Punjab and Sindh. One interesting difference between Aroras and Khatris is the colour of bangles (churah), which brides wear during the marriage ceremony. Arora women wear white bangles (Chitta churah) and Khatri women wear red ones (Laal churah), along with their bridal wear.

    Historical Background

    For the most part, Khatris have been in the civil, government, and military administrators roles for centuries. Some subgroups of Khatris have gone into the merchant business as traders, and have participated in trade well beyond India’s borders, for many centuries from Burma to Russia. At one time, the Khatris controlled a significant share of the trade in the central Asian region. The Hindu fire-temple of Baku, Azerbaijan, supported for centuries by Khatri merchants flourished until the middle of 19th century. The Hindu temples of Kabul built by the Khatris still exist.

    Khatris continue to be the most educated group in modern Punjab. Their historical access to resources and education, has translated into wealth, influence and service to the society.

    Many prominent historical figures have emerged from the Khatri. All ten Sikh Gurus were Khatri, belonging to the Bedi, Trehan, Bhalla and Sodhi subcastes. Raja Todar Mal was a Tandon Khatri who codified the revenue collection system as Revenue Minister for Akbar. Haqiqat Rai was a Puri Khatri whose martyrdom was celebrated on Basant Panchami in Lahore until independence. Hari Singh Nalwa, an Uppal Khatri, was a prominent general under Maharaja Ranjit Singh. The father and son pair of the Diwans Sawan Mal and Mul Raj Chopra were successive governors of Multan under Ranjit Singh. The former instituted vast improvements in agriculture, while the latter was instrumental in leading the revolt against the British to prevent the annexation of the Sikh kingdom into the East India Company territory. Sadhu Singh Gulla fought against the British Empire in the 19th century.

    Historical Mentions

    Khatri gotras are divided into four major groups; Baraghar, Bawanji, Sarin and Kukharain. These divisions were reported by Emperor Akbar’s close adviser Abu’l Fazal in his book Ain-i-Akbari (compiled in 1590). These grouping are said to been around at the time of Ala-uddin Khilji (1296-1316).

    Bhai Gurdas (b. AD 1551) in his, “Varan Bhai Gurdas Ji”, Vaar 8 – Pauri 10 (Khatri jatan) mentions: barahi, bavanjahi, Pavadhe, pachadhia, phalian, khokharainu, chaurotari and serin sections.

    The family names mentioned above have existed for long time. We know that the four gots of the Sikh gurus have existed at least since the 15th century CE:

    1. Guru Nanak: Bedi
    2. Guru Angad: Trehan
    3. Guru Amardas: Bhalla
    4. Remaining seven: Sodhi
    One of the most important characters, of famous Punjabi legends, was Raja Rasalu’s minister Mahita Chopra. Most scholars agree that Raja Rasalu ruled from Sialkot and lived sometime between 400 to 500 AD. [Temple] If it is true then the Chopra family name, of the Baraghar Khatris developed by that time. The actual timing of the development of other Khatri family names is an interesting subject which requires more research.

    Khatris and Sun Worship

    Raja Vanvihari Kapoor has written that major Khatri clans are named after Lord Sun. The Sarasvat Brahmin clan of which some of these these were yajamanas are also mentioned below.

    * Mitra Mehra Priests: Jetali
    * Kripakar Kapoor Priests: Pambu
    * Shankan Khanna Priests: Jhingana
    * Martanada Tandan Priests: Jhingana
    * Shreshtha Seth
    * Dhavan Dhavan
    * Mahendra Mahindru
    * Bahukar Bahora (Vohra)
    * Chakravali Chaupada (Chopra)
    * Karalagni Kakkar Priests: Kumadiye
    * Surya Suri
    * Sahasrakar Sahgal Priests: Mohile
    According to the Bhavishya Purana, Punjab indeed was an ancient center of Sun worship.

    RELIGION

    Khatris and Saraswat Brahmins

    As noted in the introduction, the mercantile communities were the socio-religious leaders in the Punjab. The Khatris were the patrons (‘yajamansas’ or in Punjabi ‘jajmani’) of the Saraswat Brahmins. Together the two communities represent the heritage of ancient Aryan center of NW India. The Saraswat Brahmins accept both Kachcha and Pakka food from the Khatris.

    A few Nukhs (Sub-castes) of Kapoor, Malhotra/Mehra, Seth, Tandan and a few nukhs of Chopra (Chakravali) are known to be descendents of Shakdvipi Maga Brahmins and have close affiliation with the Sarasvata Brahmins. Among them Chopra equals to Chau-Pada (4 Ranks) were originally Worshippers of Lord Mitra (worshipped as Mihir or Mithra in Persia and Rome). They were invited to Punjab by the Kings to perform rituals for the Great Sun Temple near Multan. Among them are both non vegetarian as well as some that do not consume alcohol, meat and egg or fish.

    Khatris and the Sikh Panth

    A minority of the Khatris are Sikh. The Sikh panth is not caste based, still the Khatris played a major role in development of Sikhism as a gentle and inclusive faith. All the Ten Sikh Gurus were Khatri. During the lifetime of the Gurus, most of their major supporters and Sikhs were Khatris. After formation of the Khalsa (1699), and especially during the reign of Ranjit Singh, Hindu Khatri families raised at least one son (usually the oldest) as an Amritdhari Sikh. The Sikh institutions till the early 20th century were led by Mahants (Masands) who were generally Khatri. Widespread abuses by the Masands, such as the introduction of idols in Gurudwaras, led to calls for reform (which were met more than once by deadly resistance from the Mahants) by the Singh Sabha which resulted in formation of the Shiromani Gurudwara Prabhandak Committee to oversee Sikh Gurudwaras.

    Among the Khatris the Khukrain or Kukhran were one of the foremost followers of the Sikh Gurus and traditionally brought up one son as a Keshdhari Sikh. This is evident from the large number of Kukhran surnames among Khatri Sikhs.

    A predominant section of the Hindu Khukrain continue to follow dual religious traditions of both Sikh as well as Arya Samaj mores. This has continued in spite of the religo-political competitive zeal of both the Arya Samaj and the Tat Khalsa effort at creating purified separate identities.

    Intermarriage between Khatri as well as Khukrain Sikhs and Hindus are common. The dual religious Hindu and Sikh identity and Kukhran biradri identity comfortably coexists.

    The Khatri’s also in large numbers started converting to Sikhism, from the time of Guru Nanak Dev Ji, upto the time of the tenth Sikh Guru, Guru Gobind Singh Ji But then the Khatri Sikhs started to shrink, as the majority of them started reconverting back to Hinduism. And their population also became very tiny, as before there houses were found in all villages, Towns, Cities, but now they are rarely found. The Majority of the Khatri’s follow Hinduism, with a tiny number following Sikhism, and Islam.

    The Khatri Sikhs also used to have a intermarriage with the Hindu Khatri’s, as most of the famous Khatri Sikhs on their maternal side were Hindu.

    Khatris and Jain Dharma

    The number of khatris who are Jain is very small. However One of the best known Jain munis in recent times, Acharya Atmaram (also known as Shri Vijayanandsuri) (1841-1900) was a Kapoor Khatri, born at Lahra, Firozepur. In 1890 he was the first person to be raised to the rank of a Jain Acharya in the past 400 years. He was invited to visit the Congress of World Religions held in Chicago in 1893. The rules for Jain monks prevented him from going overseas, but he sent his lay disciple Virchand Gandhi, who is now considered to be the father of American Jainism.

    Khatris and Islam

    With the advent of Islam into Sindh and the southern Punjab region with the invasion of the Arab general, Muhammad bin Qasim in 711 CE and subsequent invasions by Turkic tribes from Afghanistan and the North West Frontier Province from the 11th century onwards, there were conversions of Hindus to the faith from among various Punjabi communities, including Khatris . While the conversions took place at different times, often when entire communities converted they retained their tribal, clan or caste affiliations as has been the norm in the Indian Subcontinent. Similarly, the Khatris who converted to Islam, continue to retain a strong social identity and are known as Punjabi Shaikhs. This also holds true of Rajputs in the Punjab, who converted to Islam but have continued to retain a sense of their Rajput origins. One such example are the Janjua Rajputs of the province.

    Khatris and Indian Culture

    The Khatris were adversely affected by the partition of India, as it resulted in the loss of their traditional home regions.

    Khatris have traditionally been an orthodox community, although there is now a significant amount of exposure to modernity in some Khatri families. However, even when they are modern, Khatris have a great affinity with their traditions and values.

    Khatris take pride in their Indian heritage and have contributed significantly to the Indian culture in terms of industry, commerce, administration, scholarship, etc.

    Khatris Organizations

    The sessions of Akhil Bhartiya Khatri Mahasabha were held in Lucknow in 1916, 1936, 1952 and 1980. Lucknow Khatri Sabha was established in 1927 and publication Khatri Hitashi was started in 1936.

    Divisions among the Khatris

    There are several subdivisions within the Khatri clans . There are , the Dhai Ghar (i.e. 2 1/2 -the number 3 being considered unlucky) grouping comprising of Khanna, Kapur/Kapoor and Mehra/Malhotra . Along with the Seth clan these four form the Char Ghar grouping. The Dhai Ghar Khatris originally consisted of three family groups – Kapoors, Khannas and Mehras. They were referred to as the Khatris of two and a half families because the number three is considered unlucky. Aurangzeb banished many Khatris from the Moghul military and administrative roles because of their non-cooperation and since that time many of the dhai ghar khatris adopted trading and business professions that many other khatris were already engaged in and from where they frequently took wives for their sons, while giving their daughters only to the other dhai ghar khatris in marriage.

    The origin of this caste is not clear and requires further research but it appears that they are a relatively recent addition to the khatri clan as may be inferred from Ain-i-Akbari (Eyes for the Emporor, Compiled in 1590) by Abu’l Fazal a prominent historian of Emporar Akab who recorded the Khatri Gotras. There is a story that the grouping was formed by the families of three adminstrators – Kapur Chand, Khan Chand and Mehar Chand who had come to work in Akbar’s court from Multan. But this story appears to be a fictional one since the Kapoor clan has pre-existed in India as a Kshatriya clan. It is more likely that the grouping was formed in Akbar’s time for marriages from three existing family groups – the Kapoors, Khannas and Mehras that preexisted in India. They were later expanded to form the char ghar khatris ( Khatris of four families) by including the Seth clan. Some members of the Mehra family also adopt the alternative family names of Malhotra or Mehrotra. This group has expanded rapidly since the time of Akbar and spread across the entire North India.

    The Chopra, Dhavan, Mahendru, Sahgal, Talwar, Tandon, Vohra and Wadhawan sub castes, all 12 form the barah-jati grouping. another group is called Bavanjai (52). The Sarin are yet another grouping, . The historical reasons for these divisions need research. A regional clan grouping is the Kukhrain grouping (see below). Yet another grouping is one associated with the ten Sikh gurus (Bedi, Trehan, Bhalla, and Sodhi).

    Regionally Churamani, Nanda, Khullar, Jerath, Chopra and Vig were particularly connected with Ludhiana; Bahl, Kapoor, Mehra, Seth, Beri, Sencher and Dhir with Jagraon ; Batte, Sondhi and Karir with Machhiwara and Bahlolpur ; Sehgal and Thapar with Raikot; and Had and Cham with Khanna.

    The origin of many clans and surnames is not exactly clear. It is possible that some of the clans among the Khatris, Rajputs and Jats, along with other similar subgroups, are somehow related.

    Kukharan

    Kukhran (also spelt Kukhrain) Khatris are a regional grouping of ten subcastes of Punjabi Khatris originally from the town of Bhera in the Jech doab (Jhelum – Chenab interfluve) region of Sargodha district of Pakistani Punjab. In keeping with Khatri traditions, Bhera was an important trading outpost on the road to Kabul, and a ‘taksal’ (mint) during the reign of Ranjit Singh. Kukhrans are Aryan and Vedic peoples and have originally followed Hinduism, however a significant number adapted Sikhism during the 18th and 19th centuries. This, and also because many Hindu Kukhran families, as well as other Khatri clans, raised at least one Sikh son after the formation of the Khalsa in 1699, resulted in Kukhran family names, as well as other Khatri clan names, being present in both Hindu and Sikh communities worldwide. Common Kukhran names are Anand, Bhasin, Chadha, Chandok,Gadhok, Gadok, Kohli, Sabbarwal, Sahni, and Suri many of whom had migrated from present Pakistan to India during partition.

    The Prime Minister of India, Dr. Manmohan Singh is a Kukhran of the Kohli subcaste. Other famous Khukrain personalities are: Mulkh Raj Anand (English novelist/Writer), Dev Anand (Actor/Producer/Director), Balraj Sahni (Actor), Narinder Kohli (Hindi Novelist), Gurinder Chadha (UK based film director), Bhism Sahni (Sahitya Academy Award and Padam Shree winner).

    UP Khatris

    Uttar Pradesh Khatris are those who have been living in Uttar Pradesh for several generations. They have culture quite distinct from Punjabi Khatris. They speak local dialects of Hindi rather than Punjabi.

    Khatris in Burma

    Prior to revolutionary and nationalist movements in Burma, Chinese and Indian merchants and landowners formed an economic upperclass in the country. Many of the Indians landowners in Burma were Khatri that settled in the country for generations because of their economic control and prosperity. Wealth became increasingly concentrated in the hands of very few Indian upperclass families. However, as nationalist sentiments grew, most all Indian and Chinese merchants were forced out of the country.

    Distinguished Khatris

    Manmohan Singh (Kohli), Prime minister of India
    Dev Anand – Bollywood actor
    Om Prakash Malhotra Former Chief of Army Staff, Governor of the Punjab
    Mulk Raj Anand, pioneering Indian novelist in English
    Vijay Kumar Malhotra MP, Deputy leader BJP
    Sangam Rai Kapoor – Founder of the house of Maharajas of Burdwan
    Gurinder Chadha – Kenyan- Brit movie director (‘Bend it like Beckham’, ‘Bhaji on the Beach’)
    Yash Chopra – Bollywood movie director and producer
    Satish Gujral, artist and muralist who trained under Diego Rivera
    Inder Kumar Gujral former Prime Minister of India
    Anish Kapoor – Indo-British sculptor
    The father-son duo of Prithviraj Kapoor and Raj Kapoor legendary actors, directors, and producers of Indian movies
    Shekhar Kapur – movie director (‘Bandit Queen’, ‘Elizabeth’)
    Devaki Nandan Khatri, pioneer Hindi author
    Raj Khosla-Renowned Movie Director
    Narendra Kohli, Hindi author
    Master Tara Singh (Malhotra) – freedom fighter and leader of the movement for creation of Punjabi subah
    Deepa Mehta – award winning Indo-Canadian director of the trilogy ‘Earth’,’Wind’,’Fire’
    Meera Nair, the director and producer of the award winning movies as ‘Salaam Bombay’
    Kuldip Nayyar – crusading Indian journalist
    Mohan Singh Oberoi- hotelier, founder of the Oberoi chain of hotels
    Y.K. Sabharwal, Chief Justice of India
    The brothers Balraj and Bhisham Sahni, the former a well known actor and the latter the Hindi author (‘Tamas’)
    Birbal Sahni – renowned botanist
    Kundan Lal Saigal (Sahgal/Sehgal), the legendary singer and actor in early North Indian (Hindi and Bengali) talkies, known as the Enrico Caruso of North India for his vocal range.
    Roshan Seth – Indo-British actor (‘My Beautiful Laundrette’ etc.)
    Vikram Seth, the novelist, who so sensitively portrayed urban Khatri life after the partition of India in ‘A Suitable Boy’
    Dr Karam Singh Kapur -litterateur, author of ‘Punjabi Mahakav’ etc.
    Prakash Lal Tandon – Indian professional manager, author of ‘Punjabi Century’ and ‘Beyond Punjab’
    Purushottam Das Tandon freedom fighter
    Sukhdev (Thapar) – freedom fighter, revolutionary comrade of Bhagat Singh
    Khushwant Singh, Author and commentator
    Bhai Mohan Singh, Founder of Ranbaxy
    Sunny Vij, LSE

    Reply
  74. This is an interesting article. I believe when i trace my fathers Rajistani family who claim to be Muslim converts from a Hindu Lamba surname Rajput caste, it must mean they were Khatri people too. Interesting.

    Reply
  75. Sewalia which cast

    Reply
    • Plz tell me about Thukral or Thakral ..Khatri or rajput ?

      Reply
  76. yes bhalla also associated with khatri gotra

    Reply
  77. Hello every one i m love in with Thakur(Singh) girl .. i want to marry with her i want to convince my parents how can i convince please help..
    can i maary she is rajpoot and we are also can i please help..

    Reply

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