Khatik

Who are they?

The Khatik are a large community of butchers, numbering around 1.7 million. They are distributed throughout Uttar Pradesh, Rajasthan, Andhra Pradesh, Delhi, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Haryana, Himachal Pradesh, Punjab, Chandigarh, West Bengal, Bihar and Gujarat.

Origins

The term Khatik is derived from the Sanskrit khatika meaning a butcher or hunter. Another derivation is from the word khat which means immediate killing. There are many versions about the origins of their community. In Gujarat and Rajasthan, where they are also called Khatki, they claim descent from Rajput or Kshatriya, who are the second highest warrior class of rulers. They believe they were originally warriors and somehow adopted their current occupation because of certain exigencies. In Rajasthan, the Khatik claim that because the warrior saint Parshurama (6th incarnation of Vishnu) was angry with the Rajput, they changed their identity to escape slaughter by him and became the ancestors of the Khatik.

The Khatik migrated to Delhi from neighbouring Uttar Pradesh and Rajasthan roughly two hundred years ago. There, they claim, they were originally agriculturists and during the rule of the fanatical 17th century Mughal emperor Aurangzeb some of them converted to Islam. In Haryana the Khatik claim that they supplied meat to the rulers of Rajasthan and migrated to other places from there.

In Chandigarh and Haryana the Khatik believe that Brahma (the Creator in the Hindu trinity) gave them a goat’s skin, the bark of trees and lac and therefore they graze cattle, tan and dye goat and deer hides with bark and lac’’(Rose, 1919).

Languages

The Khatik speak the languages of the regions they inhabit. In Gujarat, they speak Gujarati use the Gujarati script, while in Andhra Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh and Maharashtra, Marathi is their first language. They speak Hindi in Uttar Pradesh, local Rajasthani dialects in Rajasthan, the; Haryanvi in Haryana and Bhojpuri in Bihar. All these languages are written in the Devanagari script. The Khatik are also conversant with Hindi. The Muslim Khatik speaks Urdu and use the Perso-Arabic script to write it.

The Khatik place themselves in as superior to the Chamar (tanner), Balmiki (scavenger), Lohar (ironsmith) and Kanjar (gypsy) but inferior to the Bania (trader), Brahmin (priest), Rajput (warrior) and Jat. The higher Hindu castes, however, consider the Khatik to belong to the Shudra class, the fourth and lowest caste.

What Are Their Lives Like?

The traditional and current occupation of the Khatik in the main continues to be slaughtering and sale of sheep, goats and pigs. In some states like Haryana and Punjab, where they are primarily Muslim, their main occupation is dyeing goat and sheep hides, while in other states like Rajasthan they also raise cattle and sell them in the market as a subsidiary enterprise. In Punjab and Delhi the Hindu Khatik raises and slaughter pigs. In other states they are the middle man – traditional traders in vegetables, fruits, pigs and poultry.

The landless Khatik farm other’s land on a sharecropping basis. Some sell cloth from their bicycles or back-packs, glass bangles, plastic goods or are scrap-dealers. There are a few who run small hotels. They also work as daily wage labourers – in road building and construction sites. Children are sent to work at tea stalls or automobile workshops. There are a few teachers, doctors, engineers, police inspectors, regional development officers and administrators among them. Political consciousness is seen at local and regional levels.

The literacy level among the Khatik is low. Most families encourage their sons to study to tertiary levels but daughters are not.

Though they accept modern medicine and family welfare programmes are accepted among the Khatik however they continue to use traditional medicines as well. They take advantage of the various employment-generating and other developmental programmes offered by the government. They make use of nationalized banks for savings and securing loans, but depend on local moneylenders and shopkeepers for loans as well.

Except for those living in the states of Bihar and Gujarat, this community is regarded as a Scheduled Caste (SC). This status grants them (as well as other similarly classified castes) a host of privileges and benefits, such as specially fixed quotas in government jobs and higher-educational institutions, lower benchmarks in competitive examinations, as well as reserved seats in Parliament and State Legislatures.

Customs

The Khatik are endogamous, i.e. they marry within the community only. Sometimes they are endogamous at the subgroup level too, but are always exogamous at the clan level. he subgroups in Uttar Pradesh are based on occupational, social and territorial differentiation.

Adult marriage is arranged by negotiation between family members. Dowry is paid in cash and kind. Polygamy is permitted in rare cases such as barrenness of the first wife. Marriage symbols for women are glass, plastic, and lac bangles, vermilion (sindur), dot on the forehead (bindi), finger, ear, nose and toe rings.

Junior sororate and junior levirate are allowed. Divorce, though possible, is socially discouraged and is very rare. Widow, widower and divorcee remarriage is permitted except in Andhra Pradesh, where divorce and widow remarriage is totally prohibited.

The joint family is common among the Khatik but they are living apart increasingly. Inheritance is patrilineal; the sons inherit the parental property equally and the eldest succeeds to the late father’s authority. Daughters receive no inheritance. Although the status of Khatik women is low, they do have a role in ritual, social, religious and even political activities. They also contribute to the family income by working as farm labourers, domestic servants, making clothes, knitting sweaters, making paper bags and envelopes, selling fruits and vegetables. They sometimes help their men in rearing animals and cleaning the slaughtered animals.

Regional folk music, folklore and folksongs exist among the Khatik. Folksongs are mostly sung by women and only women dance during festivals and other auspicious occasions like births and marriages. Wall paintings, making images of the goddess Durga and embroidery are some of their arts and crafts.

The Khatik have their own caste councils in each state, both at village and regional level represented by elderly people. In Gujarat the regional council is known as the Bara Panch. In Rajasthan there is a Jati Panchayat (Caste Council) at the village level that settles disputes of a social nature relating to marriage, divorce, violation of community norms and levies cash fines. The council also has the power to excommunicate.

What Are Their Beliefs?

Most Khatik are Hindu and worship all the major Hindu gods and goddesses. Many Khatik also have great reverence for various regional deities of their areas and believe in evil spirits. Ancestor worship is an additional part of their belief system.

The Khatik celebrate all major Hindu festivals like Janamashtami (Krishna’s birthday), Navratri (festival of nine nights), Diwali (festival of lamps) and Holi. Hindu Khatik’s cremate their dead and immerse the ashes in a river, preferably the holy Ganges at Haridwar. Andhra Pradesh and Muslim Khatik bury their dead.

The Sikh Khatik celebrate Sikh festivals like Guru Nanak’s birthday, Lohri (harvest festival), and visit gurudwaras, while the Muslim Khatik visit mosques and celebrate Muslim festivals like Id and Muharram.

What Are Their Needs?

The Khatik need access to education, especially for girls.

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24 Comments on "Khatik"


Guest
RAMESHWAR KHATIK
3 months 6 days ago
khatik samaj ko ek sangthit hokar kam karna chahiye,jab har samaj apana ekta ka prichay deti hai,chahe gujar aandolan ho ,jaat aarkshan ho / koi or jato ki ekta ho ,jab ham har kam samaj me karte hai,chahe baccho ke risto ki baat ho / dukh sukh ki baat ho ,tab to ham khatik samaj ko yaad karte hai,or jab samaj ka koi bhi vykti agar election ladta hai to party ki baat yaad aa jati hai,kyu ab samaj ke bich me party kaha se aa gayi,to fir risto ki time par party ke pass hi jao samaj ke pass kyu aate ho,mujhe bada ho raha hai ki desh ke ander har samaj apana ekta ka parichay deti hai,or khatik samaj bahut pichhe hai,to mera sabhi samaj banduo ko prathna hai ki aap sabhi log baba saheb bhimrav ambedar ji ki kahi hui bat par amal kare,unhone kaha tha,shikshit bano sansthit bano sangharsh karo,jab tak ham shiksit nahi honge ek nahi ho sakte sabse pahle to sabhi samaj ke bandu acchi siksa le or samaj ki bhalai ke liye apana ekta ka prichay jarur de
Guest
Khatik Union of Nations
6 months 26 days ago
नमस्कार स्वजातीय बन्धुवों। ऐसे कितने लोग हैं जो सिर्फ "खटीक" हैं 'रिमिक्स" नहीं हैं मतलब उनका सरनेम या गोत्र उनका स्वजातीय समाज में भी "स्वर्ण" ऐसे बन्धु जिनका समाज में ये दिखाने का निरंतर प्रयास रहता हैं की हम औरो से श्रेस्ठ हैं. इतना भेदभाव क्यों व्याप्त हैं और इसकी कितनी महत्ता हैं. कृपया समाज बुधजिवी कृपया मार्गदर्शन करे.
Guest
Khatik Union of Nations
6 months 26 days ago
क्या खटिक समाज को धर्म के नाम पर वैदिक वर्णीय-जातिय श्रेष्ठता का अन्धानुकरण करना चाहिए ?? "एक बार एक आर एस एस के प्रचारक ने हमसे कहा था आप संघ के कार्यो में दिलचस्पी नहीं लेते है, आप जैसे लोगो को संगठन से जुड़ना चाहिए , हमने पूछ दिया साहेब उससे क्या मिलेगा, तो कहने लगे हिंदुत्व का हाथ मजबूत होगा , हमने कहा उसका क्या फायदा ? तो कहने लगे दुसरे धर्मो के अतिक्रमण और अत्याचार से हिन्दुओ को बचाया जाएगा, हमने कहा जे बात तो आपकी ठीक है आप हमें दूसरे धर्मो के अतिक्रमण और अत्याचार से बचा लोगे लेकिन अपने ही धर्म के अंदर जातिगत दम्भ और जातिय संघर्ष से कैसे बचाओगे , आपको पता है प्रतिवर्ष हॉनर किलिंग्स में तीन हजार से अधिक हिन्दू भाई मौत की नींद सुला दिए जाते है, प्रतिवर्ष जातिय संघर्षो के कारण हजारो हिन्दू भाई आपस में ही लड़-मरते है, जातिय दंभ की परिणिति है कि हिन्दू भाई ही जातिय श्रेष्ठता के आधार पर हिन्दू भाई को ही शासन, प्रशासन , राजनीति एवं समाज में अपने समकक्ष नहीं देखना चाहता है , जिसके फलस्वरूप एक हिन्दू भाई आर्थिक, प्रशासनिक, सामाजिक रूप से जातिय दम्भ को पालने हेतु ताकतवर बन जाता है दूसरा वंचित हिन्दू भाई असंतोष के वातावरण में चला जाता है जिसके फलस्वरूप सपा-बसपा जैसे राजनीतक दलों का उदय होता है, हमने कहा साहेब आप हमको दूसरे धर्मो के लोगो से तो बचा लोगे अगर वो वाकई में समस्या है लेकिन आप हमें अपने ही धर्म के लोगो से कैसे बचाओगे , तो कहने लगे ये हिन्दुओ का आंतरिक मामला है, और हमें परम्पराओं के खिलाफ नहीं जाना चाहिए , हमने कहा साहेब ये तो वही बात हुई मियाँ-बीवी घर की चारदीवारी के अंदर एक दुसरे का गला घोंट दे और कोर्ट , कचहरी , कानून , पुलिस कहे ये तो मियां-बीवी के आपसदारी का मामला है इसमें हम क्या कर सकते है, दरअसल आप न्याय के साथ नहीं है इसलिए मेरी रूचि आपमें नहीं है, न्यायसंगत बनिए अगर हिन्दू-हिन्दू भाई-भाई है तो भाई-भाई की समानता की बात कीजिये, उन्हें एक-दूसरे से संघर्ष करने के बजाय एक दूसरे से मिलजुल कर रहना सिखाइए, एक-दूसरे की संवैधानिक एवं नैतिक आजादी का सम्मान करना सिखाइए, अगर वैदिक वर्णीय श्रेष्ठता का अंधअनुसरण करना हिंदुत्व की निशानी है तो मुझे प्रसन्नता है कि मैं आपके हिन्दू एकता में अपनी जाति और उसकी औकात से भली-भांति परिचित हूँ...धन्यवाद !"
Guest
Khatik Union of Nations
6 months 26 days ago
कंही हम दलित खटीक हैं तो कंही सूर्यवंशी, तो कभी जातिप्रथा के शिकार मनुवाद से ग्रसित, फिर कोई ३६० क्षत्रिय गोत्रीय हैं, कोई सूर्यवंशी हैं कोई सोनकर हैं कोई चक हैं कोई चावला या पवार तो कोई चौहान तो कोई पहाड़िया तो कोई बडगूजर हैं खटीक कौन हैं, कब तक जनगड़ना में इत्यादि में आतें रहेंगे कभी तो खटीक जनगड़ना में आवो
Guest
Khatik Union of Nations
6 months 26 days ago
मेरे स्वजातीय बन्धुवों क्या आपने कभी सोचा है हम लोग इतने पिछड़े हुवे क्यों है ....जब तक हम अपने मानसिक गुलामी से आजाद नही होंगे तब तक हम पिछड़े हुवे ही रहेगे ....और हमारी हालत में कोई सुधार नहीं आयेगा...........हमारे बड़े बुजुर्ग अनुज हमउम्र कोई बीजेपी को पसंद करता है तो कोई कोंग्रेस और कोई बसपा को तो कोई सपा तो कोइ अन्य दलों को ......अब हमें अपने प्रभुत्वा को दिखाने के लिए समाज के नाम पर एक होना होगा राजनितिक भागीदारी सुनिश्चित करनी पड़ेगी, राजनितिक दलों से ऊपर उठकर समाज का सामाजिक उत्थान सर्वोपरि हैं .......हमें विचार करना होगा की क्यों हमारे साथ ही अन्याय किया जाता है.....हमारे नेतावो के काबिल होने के बाद भी उनका हक़ मार... दिया जाता है ...किसी को भी बड़ा पद नहीं दिया जाता है....बस एक बच्चे की तरह लोलीपॉप पकड़ा कर छोड़ दिया जाता है.........और न किसी को आपनी बात रखने का अधिकार दिया जाता है.........कुछ लोग जो ऐसे पोस्ट को देख कर मुहफेर लेते है में उनसे कहना चाहुगा के .......मुह फेरना है गुलामी से फेरो .....अपने आप से मत फेरो ....कब तब तक छुप पाओगे अपनी असलियत से .. गर्व से कहो हम खटीक हैं, और अपने आप को पहचानो.
Guest
Khatik Union of Nations
6 months 26 days ago
पहली बार खटीक जाति की राजनितिक भागीदारी दिलाने के लिए बीजेपी को कोटिश बधाई। प्राप्त सूचना के अनुसार अब तक समाज के ०9 सांसदों जिनको जीत हासिल हुयी हैं, जिनमे से ०७ लोगो की जानकारी खटीक यूनियन ऑफ़ नेशन की तरफ से दिया जा चूका हैं बाकी दो सांसद एक शिवसेना बीजेपी से समर्थित महाराष्ट्र एवं दूसरे बीजेपी कर्नाटक से हैं जिनकी जानकारी मिलतें ही आप सभी को सूचित कर दिया जायेगा।१६ वी लोकसभा में खटीक जाति की 1.65% राजनितिक भागीदारी जो पूर्ण खटीक जनसख्यां से बहुत कम हैं फिर भी खटीक समाज को बधाई।
Guest
Khatik Union of Nations
6 months 26 days ago
श्री कृपाल तुमने को रामटेक नागपुर, डॉ उदित राज, उत्तर पच्छिम दिल्ली श्रीमति नीलम सोनकर लालगंज (उ प्र ), डॉ मनोज राजोरिया करौली-धौलपुर राजस्थान , डॉ भोला सिंह बुलंद शहर (उ प्र ), डॉ वीरेंदर कुमार टीकम गढ़ मध्यप्रदेश एवं श्री विनोद सोनकर कौशाम्बी (उ प्र), सँतोष गँगवार बरेली (उ प्र),से जीत पर बहुत-बहुत बधाइयाँ .... आपने सबका मान बढ़ाया। बी जे पी को धन्यवाद टिकट वितरण में समाज का हित देखने के लिए देवास (म.प्र.) से कांग्रेस के श्री सज्जन सिंह वर्मा, फ़ैजाबाद (उ प्र )से आप के श्री जगत राम सोनकर एवं मच्छली शहर (उ प्र ) श्री वीरेंदर कुमार सोनकर असफल, इनके लिए शुभकामनायें समाज का मान बढ़ाने के लिए.
Guest
AJAY ALEXXX
7 months 23 days ago
NO THANKS
Guest
Indian Culture by States: Madhya Pradesh Culture - People Groups of India
9 months 27 days ago
[…] Groups Profiles” seen in Rajasthan which includes Bharbhunja, Bhat, Kachchi, Kalwar, Khatik, Kol, Kori, Kurmi, Lodha, Mallah, Pasi. Madhya Pradesh is known for its tribal region as this […]
Guest
NAVNEET KATARIYA
10 months 29 days ago
our need good education for in all the field to maintain our self & our society
Guest
mahesh
1 year 4 days ago
Unity should start from villages to towns, towns to cities, cities to states. Difference of opinions to do good things shall be pooled together for good cause like waves in sea meet together at seashore. Anektha me ekatha hone hai, etha me anektha nahi hona hai ,egoism should be avoided, Ek manthra' jeeo aur jeene do'apnana hai Bhayo & Bahano hamare aane wale peedi ka kayal rakho hamara nahi jab hamara tho jaise hi vaise beeth jayega
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subhash rajora bonli sawaimadhopur
1 year 1 month ago
khatik ek veer & engertic person hi
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peter nawariya
8 months 13 days ago
hi chachu I am pawan nawariya from delhi madangir I am satisfied with you
Guest
shefali mahawar
1 year 3 months ago
i dont understand that why people are shocked by listening a person is from SC.Kya SC mai jtini bhi caste hai unhone koi gunha kiya hai kya???? why khateeks are considered to be in SC??THEY ARE EDUCATED,WELL MANNERED.I don't know what were they doing in their past.but now they are living very peaceful and a luxurious life.
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vishnu pahadiya
1 year 3 months ago
Shefali , Granting of Sc status does not means that we have lost our dignity ,Sc granted only those who were Social and Economical Backward .Current status is different we grow fast with Economic perspective but losses in Educational Priority still, lack of quality and intellectual Knowledge ,Higer qualified Education.we are far away from political battleground because of scattered,and last one Luxurious life is not a "symbol of Social Richness" it is show of thing.Caste upliftment comes by Social,Political & Economical Unification .We have to bargain for resources ,agitation for upliftment of our caste Women and girl child,Renaissance for New paradigm.
Guest
Avinash Rathod
1 year 4 months ago
muslim Khattik are orgnazed
Guest
navakanth
1 year 5 months ago
manmatha kalasee vunti mana aryakatika jathi ne nadepistham
Guest
navakanth
1 year 7 months ago
katka ana mnobhavalanu maku baga bhathavesenthe
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Vijay
1 year 7 months ago
Khatik samaj ekta Ka pratik hain Lakin education Ka Aabhav abhi bhi hamare samaj main dekha jata hain ....
Guest
ashish verma
1 year 7 months ago
if u dnt mind may i knw the source of ur information ????
Guest
rajora b s
1 year 6 months ago
please name it if you have some source
Guest
devendra kumar
1 year 10 months ago
khatik kabhi bhi milkar nahi rahate hai
Guest
Avinash Rathod
1 year 4 months ago
Muslim Khattik are organized in all india , it is fact
Guest
sanju rajora
3 years 1 month ago
The Khatik need access to education, especially for girls.